Top 20+ Best Telegram Trading Group In 2019 | Telegram Group

Community for TRONICS

TRON is an ambitious project dedicated to the establishment of a truly decentralized Internet and its infrastructure. The TRON Protocol, one of the largest blockchain-based operating systems in the world, offers base public blockchain support of high throughput, high scalability, and high availability for all decentralized applications in the TRON ecosystem.
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TRX Trading

A place to discuss and speculate future pricing.
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Parachute ($PAR) - insane activity $0.01 token

I haven't bothered doing any of these but figured I've started checking this page regularly so may as well give back too.
PAR is my biggest small cap at the minute:
This is a great project with a team building some pretty epic stuff. They've been running a few years and have a huge active community.
Core product is a telegram bot called ParJar that allows you to tip crypto. They recently integrated:
1) Transak - buy crypto with fiat within ParJar 2) Uniswap - trade crypto within ParJar
Reasons to be excited: 1) working product, 40k users 2) Improved tokenomics around staking PAR for liquidity, listings and similar. 3) Upcoming new platform launch (probably discord or twitter). 4) 'no whitelist' bot launch coming up - i.em parjar can be added to any groups not just whitelisted ones.
Small market cap around $10M. Token is at about 1c and flirted with 2c during the last pump.
Good support now established at 1c so looking ready for the next leg.
Best way to decide if it's worth buying is just to jump in some of the telegram rooms and see how active they all are:
https://t.me/TTRtradinggroup - P2P trading, small sums, a lot of doge...!
https://t.me/parachutetokengroup - main room for asking Q's etc.
https://t.me/Tiproom - basically a games room I guess you'd call it. Lots of tipping.
submitted by Matle85 to CryptoMoonShots [link] [comments]

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Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Edit: TL;DR added in the comments
 
Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analyzed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk-reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralized and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis of why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise, just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction
 
The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since the end of January 2019 with daily transaction rates growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralized and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. The maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realized early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralized, secure, and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in the amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralization. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue dissecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour, no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts, etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as: “A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronize cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next, he states that: "blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”. For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber, and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa, this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network, etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever-changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralized and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimization on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and the University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (66%) double-spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT, etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralization.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently, there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so-called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralized nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics, you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching its transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end-users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public. They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public-facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers. The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translate to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non-custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS; shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralized too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralized in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. The faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time-stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalized: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object-oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: * “all programs have two basic components, data – what the program knows – and behavior – what the program can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviors in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behavior are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.” *
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: OCaml is a general-purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognized by academics and won a so-called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise, it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts, it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa or Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue: In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships
 
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organizations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggests that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already take advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, Airbnb, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are built on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human-readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They don't just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data, it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community-run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non-custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiative (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggests in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real-time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding of what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures, Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
submitted by haveyouheardaboutit to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

EXTONS.IO EXCHANGE PLATFORM - AN EVOLUTION IN CRYPTOCURRENCY AND DIGITAL ASSETS TRADING WITH FIAT.

https://ibb.co/BGD1YnW
The need for cryptocurrency exchange platforms started arising from the time when cryptocurrencies were created, because they are a crucial part of the cryptocurrency industry, since most of the crypto-related operations take place on it.
An exchange is a platform, either decentralized or centralized, where users of cryptocurrencies and other digital assets, can readily exchange or even trade their assets to fiat currency or other digital assets of choice.
These exchange platforms are developed using improved technologies like the Blockchain, so as to help it efficiently manage the complex trading activities of users, and aid these users in maximizing profits.
Since the number of cryptocurrencies in the digital assets market has been growing uncontrollably, these cryptocurrency exchange platforms need to be present to meet the demands of users.
EXTONS.IO EXCHANGE WAS CREATED
EXTONS.IO exchange is a cryptocurrency exchange platform built by the Thisoption ecosystem, to help make the trade in cryptocurrency seamless. EXTONS as a cryptocurrency exchange is a product part of Thisoption Limited's ecosystem and is available as a trading engine for cryptocurrency and other digital assets trading. EXTONS.IO was made to be a centralized exchange type and as such, make cryptocurrency trading effortless, easy and smooth. The Extons platform has several benefits that makes it beffiting of a modern day trading platform.
In order to perform with full force, the EXTONS.IO exchange system will also make use of the Blockchain technology and its smart contract, in executing transactions and other operations.
The Blockchain will be helpful in a lot of ways, just to make the EXTONS.IO exchange, the best of its kind, as it helps guarantee security of every transaction and data on the system. Whenever user data is generated, the system stores it on its unalterable Blockchain technology, which is as well viewable for the users. This means that transactions on the EXTONS.IO exchange will be transparent as they can be monitored and its details seen on the Blockchain, at any time.
These is just a tip of the iceberg, when it comes to the benefits of using the EXTONS.IO exchange over others.
EXTONS.IO EXCHANGE BENEFITS
There is always high liquidity as one of the advantages of trading on the EXTONS.IO exchange, as it is always endowed with a great amount of liquidity, providing a fully functioning system for users to trade efficiently. Extons will employ high end technology based on artificial intelligence to at every point in time offer top level liquidity on its exchange to ensure comfort and decent quality experience for all users.
EXTONS.IO is designed to be user-intuitive which makes it very easy to use. So it's not very technical for users to carry out activities on the system, and there is an available customer care system, which will help users on the system seamlessly navigate their way through.
To meet the need of different traders, it is important to have multiple currencies on the system, and the EXTONS.IO exchange understands this, so it allows the listing of different cryptocurrencies on its system, showing you that it's all about giving great benefits to its users. Several cryptocurrencies are listed on the extons exchange including the top rated cryptocurrencies like; Bitcoin, Ethereum, Binance BNB, TRX, USDT, LTC, XRP and the team intends to add to the ever growing list of assets in the future as the need arises.
Security on the EXTONS.IO exchange is indeed unbreakable, as it has put up firewalls coupled with its modal-structured design, just to make sure that the user's funds and trading data remains safe.
Extons is fully integrated with over 15 international banks and payment gateway processors worldwide, giving intending users different ways to seamlessly and efficiently deposit and withdraw funds from the Extons trading exchange. Clients and users can easily buy packages on the platform and trade conveniently in the way they please. This will serve as a great tool in bringing more users into the crypto industry leading to market expansion, partnerships and the overall growth of the blockchain technology. Some of these banks and gateways include reputable financial institutions like PayPal, Perfect Money, Zotapay etc. As a way of encouraging participation and help introduce new users into the Extons platform, the team has concluded plans to offer "A NO Fee on Deposits" initiative spanning through the months of August, September and October through the integrated payment gateways for traders and investors globally.
EXTONS TOKEN DESCRIPTION
EXTONS.IO has a cryptocurrency developed on its system, for use in carrying out operations on the exchange platform. This token which is called the TONS token is built as a TRON Request for Comment TRC-20 standard token, as the native token of the platform. So, it facilitates every transaction and payment on the system.
TOKEN INFORMATION
Ticker: TONS
Token Type: TRC20
Token Price: $0.20
Token Supply: 180,000,000
Currently the TONS token is listed on the EXTONS.IO site and freely trading as well, investors and traders can easily obtain the asset on the exchange for their use.
TO CONCLUDE,
EXTONS.IO exchange has all the desirable features of safety, efficiency, flexibility, variety, fluidity, stability required of an advanced cryptocurrency exchange platform, seeing as its structure and Blockchain technologies makes it different from others in the same category. Upon its total adoption, the trade in digital assets with fiat will become effortless for every user across the world.
For more information about the Extons project, its parent project ThisOption and its revolutionary technology, kindly access the official resource channels for more information;
website:
Parent Website:
Whitepaper:
Twitter:
Facebook:
Telegram:
Medium:
YouTube:
Article Written By: Sundilhan
Bitcointalk Profile Link:
submitted by SundilHanx to ICOAnalysis [link] [comments]

The 100x MoonShot of the Week (KARMA)

Hi guys, some of you may know me as the "FUND Insider" that gave you the FUND tip at sub 2c and got most of you 2-3x profits (more coming if you hold, so take that and stake if you got it, it has much more to go)
What we are talking about today, actually has a relation to FUND as the CEO (Neyma) is good friends with Andrew Lee who has just released KARMA. Before we get into why KARMA could possibility 100x THIS WEEK, a short background on Andrew is important to know that we are dealing with a "real person" with real background and good intention. This is important for longevity. I did my research and talked to a few closely connected people and this is what I could find
https://www.linkedin.com/in/andrew-lee-85b0b347/
Like many high-level blockchain people, it doesn't seem like Andrew keeps an up to date Linkedin (I mean you only need that if you are looking for a job?)
However, from what I know, he used to be a limited partner at DNA, an early EOS fund. Later, he was an early advisor to Quarkchain where he exited some time ago and more recently, to FUND, and CHR which both seem on moon mission trajectory. He also is the current publisher of www.web3journal.com
Point is that he is long term, legitimate, in it for the technology and I hate to say it, American, which gives a sort of badge of trust to whatever he works on as American's are oftentimes more accountable than their overseas counterparts.
Now to KARMA - Andrew's vision is to organize a DAO for high level crypto minds. To begin he gathered 50 of the top minds (the members list looks like a conference speakers list tbh) he knew in crypto and all airdropped them 200 KARMA.
They then needed to stake this 200 KARMA to join. They have some nifty system that you hold KARMA in your metamask and then you can join the group. If you ever have less than 200 KARMA in your linked metamask, then you are auto-booted. Details here:
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1u_DN9q-E6elZVjve-ZaGSHBJiV1dT1_8kKfvHwniD0A/edit?usp=sharing
Now the kicker is, that Total and MAX supply of KARMA is 200,000 - they minted 10million on the contract, but word is that they will be burning everything except 200k
This means that at lifetime max supply of 200,000 KARMA and 200 required to join the group.
This means a theoretical lifetime cap would be 1000 Members, however degens like us will obviously buy up the supply and hold more than 200 needed to join.
This gives very valuable utility to the KARMA token and I can already seen the headlines on COINDESK, something like "exclusive crypto club costs $2,000 to Join (this would imply $10 KARMA)
So there is clear organic demand for KARMA outside of flipping Degens, being part of the KARMA DAO. Why is this valuable? And how valuable is it?
Well - I can say that looking at the members list looks like a conference speakers roster. I could at a glance count numerous project founders, heads of venture funds, youtube influencers, twitter trolls and assorted tech genius.
There must have been over 2 BILLION dollars in wealth just hanging out in the DAO. (Andrew has a strong high level network) and I can tell you that being part of "one of these groups" in 2017-18 brought me "life changing multi-generational wealth" through high level access to pools and deals.
The point is that this is the cool kids club and it costs 200 KARMA staked to join with a total supply of 200k. This means perpetual, ongoing demand.
See the price and up 10x since yesterday https://pools.fyi/#/trades/0x78467084b9edc2672c28c5cd8f076dc6f2ec1a66
Let's talk about realistic targets - and these amounts are to stake KARMA, They can always sell it likely at a profit.
KARMA = $1 - I can't think of anybody moderately active in crypto that would not STAKE $200 of a token to be part of a super secret club. IMO, with 200,000 Lifetime total supply, the $1 target is a cakewalk . EDIT We already broke this.
KARMA = $10 - this would then cost $2000 staked to be part of the club, and a 2m MC - I think this would exclude small fish from joining (althou they will speculate) but i think is within reason
KARMA = $100 - This would make KARMA 20m MC and cost 20k Stake to Join. I think this is a little reaching in the current market (perhaps in a 2017 style bull market it would work.
Realistic target KARMA $10-30 which makes it a 2-6m MC and seems about right All the details you need are here
https://docs.google.com/document/d/1u_DN9q-E6elZVjve-ZaGSHBJiV1dT1_8kKfvHwniD0A/edit?usp=sharing
Step 1: Buy 200 KARMA and join the DAO telegram group per instructions in the doc. Don't sell these.
Step 2" Buy up 1-2 ETH more and hold for moon and start thinking about selling around the $10 target.
enjoy.
EDIT: This was just published which gives a great overview https://endofthechain.com/karma-dao/
submitted by getapencolin to CryptoMoonShots [link] [comments]

Introduction to Cryptocurrencies: LBRY (LBC), the YouTube in the Blockchain

Introduction to Cryptocurrencies: LBRY (LBC), the YouTube in the Blockchain
Written by the CoinEx Institution, this series of jocular and easy to understand articles will show you everything you need to know about major cryptocurrencies, making you fully prepared before jumping into crypto!
https://preview.redd.it/upvww1z8arc51.jpg?width=1024&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=60cca633d01cf14c82d4aef0ab2ab777af64471a
LBC, born in 2016, has remained low-key or even obscure until the first half of 2020. It is just like an actor, being unknown in his 20s, yet rose to fame overnight in his 30s or 40s. Many people does not follow or even know such a niche cryptocurrency.
Some people have spoken highly of it: LBC heralds an era of “Appcoins”. What on earth makes it a hit and its value skyrocket this year? Today let’s get to know LBC, the YouTube in the blockchain.

https://preview.redd.it/c0t7g01carc51.png?width=300&format=png&auto=webp&s=0c8c841f00701f11ab19557f1900c6d9f917a4d2
Before we start, let’s first take a look at LBRY, a content-sharing platform which displays works of some artists, producers, and writers. Creators can also get some income from their works displayed on this platform. (PS: Users can not only upload their videos without restrictions, but also synchronize their videos on YouTube directly to LBRY)
https://preview.redd.it/qlxxhflmarc51.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=d43bc1f98db95c780d6d840fe18aaf80232acfcb
You may ask: What makes LBRY different from YouTube? What does it have to do with the blockchain? Answers to these questions reveal the charm of LBRY.
LBRY is a decentralized digital content center based on blockchain technology. It is also the first fully encrypted platform dedicated to publishing open source contents on the blockchain. Users can publish their works without the middleman, and directly contact consumers (with no middleman earning the margin). Moreover, its built-in credit system will also allow them to gain profits through their works.
More and more content platforms are now focusing on such issues as content copyright and privacy, and there also emerges the demand for creators to get digital currency rewards on the platform. LBRY provides its solutions to these problems:
  1. Creators can not only share their works at any time, but also receive corresponding LBC rewards depending on how popular their works are;
  2. LBRY uses blockchain technology to provide creators with the ability to individually control their content. It does not have any “administrator” or even the ability to delete the publisher’s contents on the platform, which also largely solves problems such as copyright and plagiarism. According to LBRY, its goal is to provide users and content creators with control by means of blockchain technology.
Compared with YouTube with a tight grip on contents, LBRY is a completely open platform where all users can participate in its network construction and all codes are open source; it offers creators more freedom of speech so that they may enjoy the charm of decentralized autonomy of blockchain technology. That is also encapsulated in the slogan on LBRY’s official website: It’s time to take back control from YouTube and Amazon.
https://preview.redd.it/fihawafqarc51.jpg?width=700&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=fdfca74f79e7f2633367cd80f49ff748fc3817f0
Simply put, we can consider LBRY as a decentralized version of the YouTube and Amazon integration.
As the token of LBRY, LBC (LBRY Credits) came with a mission to support LBRY’s digital content market.
Through LBC, creators can exchange the value of their works, traffic and the platform. Users or consumers can tip creators for their works (including videos and music) with LBC, and creators can also get LBC as rewards through their works.
Jeremy Kauffman, the founder of LBRY, originally aspired to create a platform where people across the world could share their works. He is also a long-term supporter of decentralized technology and free speech.
Since its launch in June 2016, LBRY has released more than 3.3 million pieces of digital contents. On this platform, millions of users access, download and upload various types of contents every month. LBRY’s foreign communities also have considerable followers: 47,000 followers on Twitter and 23,000 followers on Facebook.
Yet the LBRY team did not conduct an ICO and has raised only 500,000 USD in the seed round since 2016. Despite that, the team has been efficient in development and release of new versions. Its desktop-based, web-based, and mobile products have all been launched, and various new contents are published on the platform every day. That is not easy, considering all of its achievements. No wonder there is a saying that “LBRY heralds the era of Appcoins.”
By the way, here are some details about the distribution of LBC tokens -
Organizations, charities and other strategic partners: 10%
Airdrop: 20%
Team operation: 10%
Mining: 60%
There is a total amount of 1 billion LBC, including 428 million LBC in circulation. With the POW composite algorithm, it takes 2.5 minutes to generate a block. LBC has been listed on CoinEx, a first-tier exchange in China, and ViaBTC, a mining pool.
How will LBC develop after it returned to the public attention this year? Let’s wait and see.

About CoinEx

As a global and professional cryptocurrency exchange service provider, CoinEx was founded in December 2017 with Bitmain-led investment and has obtained a legal license in Estonia. It is a subsidiary brand of the ViaBTC Group, which owns the fifth largest BTC mining pool, which is also the largest of BCH mining, in the world.
CoinEx supports perpetual contract, spot, margin trading, and other derivatives trading, and its service reaches global users in nearly 100 countries/regions with various languages available, such as Chinese, English, Korean and Russian.
Website: https://www.coinex.com/
Twitter: https://twitter.com/coinexcom
Telegram: https://t.me/CoinExOfficialENG
Click here to register on CoinEx!
submitted by CoinEx_Institution to lbry [link] [comments]

LES will be listed on Coinviva

LES will be listed on Coinviva
Coinviva LES USDT Trading Pair
Dear Coinviva users,
Liberty(LES) will be listed on Coinviva. Please see details as follow:
Trading pair: LES / USDT
Trading available: 11:00 on August 7, 2020 (UTC+9).
Deposit available: 11:00 on August 6, 2020 (UTC+9)
Withdrawal available: 11:00 on August 6, 2020 (UTC+9)
Trading platform: www.coinviva.com
Fee Schedule

【About Liberty】
The Alliance in crypto assets means group collaboration between companies and partnerships on a common platform. Liberty promotes the construction of a platform for individuals and companies that resonate with the principles of "small government" and "liberal society" to collaborate across borders and distances.
Cryptocurrency LES exists as a settlement method to build such an alliance, and we will build a platform through LES in terms of business matching and banking system.
Website:https://liberty-et.com/
Whitepaper:https://liberty-et.com/lite-papeles-lite-papper.pdf

Tips: Please be aware that cryptocurrencies can change in value and possibly result in investment losses. Speculative investment should be carefully monitored

The Coinviva Team
August 3, 2020

For more airdrop event, please click: https://coinviva.com/announcements/8085786b-eb8b-48a8-a9cb-8d8325c1a667
About Coinviva:
Coinviva aims to create the best crypto financial services ecosystem for both institutional and individual investors. We provide reliable fiat funding options, excellent trading liquidity, bank security level custody and one-stop high liquidity provision on-site & off-site. Our founding management team all come from top tiered investment banking (e.g. JP Morgan, Morgan Stanley, Bank of America Merrill Lynch), with fully comprehensive financial institution operation experience.
Homepage: https://coinviva.com/
Twitter:https://twitter.com/coinviva
Telegram:https://t.me/coinviva
submitted by Coinviva to u/Coinviva [link] [comments]

I will be your virtual trading assistant

About This Gig

Basic information.
If you wish, we will keep in touch on telegram for the duration of the order. It will be used to answer you very quickly.
Contact me before placing the order.
What I will do?
I will be your virtual trading assistant all week long. I will give you tips on forex trading or crypto trading. You ask for the currency pair and I will give you the tip. All this for the whole week, one hour a day.
What will you need to take advantage of my advice?
To take benefit of the consultation you will need:
  1. Money to invest (don't invest money that you can't lose).
  2. An account on a trading platform
  3. Ability to load money into the account and carry out operations on the account itself.
If you don't know how to do this, don't worry. I will be your virtual assistant.
What will you receive?
You will receive precise advice on how to make the order. I'll tell you if you have to buy or sell and I'll tell you about any upper and lower limits of the order.
submitted by emanuele_so to FiverrGigs [link] [comments]

Polkadot Launch AMA Recap

Polkadot Launch AMA Recap

The Polkadot Telegram AMA below took place on June 10, 2020

https://preview.redd.it/4ti681okap951.png?width=4920&format=png&auto=webp&s=e21f6a9a276d35bb9cdec59f46744f23c37966ef
AMA featured:
Dieter Fishbein, Ecosystem Development Lead, Web3 Foundation
Logan Saether, Technical Education, Web3 Foundation
Will Pankiewicz, Master of Validators, Parity Technologies
Moderated by Dan Reecer, Community and Growth, Polkadot & Kusama at Web3 Foundation

Transcription compiled by Theresa Boettger, Polkadot Ambassador:

Dieter Fishbein, Ecosystem Development Lead, Web3 Foundation

Dan: Hey everyone, thanks for joining us for the Polkadot Launch AMA. We have Dieter Fishbein (Head of Ecosystem Development, our business development team), Logan Saether (Technical Education), and Will Pankiewicz (Master of Validators) joining us today.
We had some great questions submitted in advance, and we’ll start by answering those and learning a bit about each of our guests. After we go through the pre-submitted questions, then we’ll open up the chat to live Q&A and the hosts will answer as many questions as they can.
We’ll start off with Dieter and ask him a set of some business-related questions.

Dieter could you introduce yourself, your background, and your role within the Polkadot ecosystem?

Dieter: I got my start in the space as a cryptography researcher at the University of Waterloo. This is where I first learned about Bitcoin and started following the space. I spent the next four years or so on the investment team for a large asset manager where I primarily focused on emerging markets. In 2017 I decided to take the plunge and join the space full-time. I worked at a small blockchain-focused VC fund and then joined the Polkadot team just over a year ago. My role at Polkadot is mainly focused on ensuring there is a vibrant community of projects building on our technology.

Q: Adoption of Polkadot of the important factors that all projects need to focus on to become more attractive to the industry. So, what is Polkadot's plan to gain more Adoption? [sic]

A (Dieter): Polkadot is fundamentally a developer-focused product so much of our adoption strategy is focused around making Polkadot an attractive product for developers. This has many elements. Right now the path for most developers to build on Polkadot is by creating a blockchain using the Substrate framework which they will later connect to Polkadot when parachains are enabled. This means that much of our adoption strategy comes down to making Substrate an attractive tool and framework. However, it’s not just enough to make building on Substrate attractive, we must also provide an incentive to these developers to actually connect their Substrate-based chain to Polkadot. Part of this incentive is the security that the Polkadot relay chain provides but another key incentive is becoming interoperable with a rich ecosystem of other projects that connect to Polkadot. This means that a key part of our adoption strategy is outreach focused. We go out there and try to convince the best projects in the space that building on our technology will provide them with significant value-add. This is not a purely technical argument. We provide significant support to projects building in our ecosystem through grants, technical support, incubatoaccelerator programs and other structured support programs such as the Substrate Builders Program (https://www.substrate.io/builders-program). I do think we really stand out in the significant, continued support that we provide to builders in our ecosystem. You can also take a look at the over 100 Grants that we’ve given from the Web3 Foundation: https://medium.com/web3foundation/web3-foundation-grants-program-reaches-100-projects-milestone-8fd2a775fd6b

Q: On moving forward through your roadmap, what are your most important next priorities? Does the Polkadot team have enough fundamentals (Funds, Community, etc.) to achieve those milestones?

A (Dieter): I would say the top priority by far is to ensure a smooth roll-out of key Polkadot features such as parachains, XCMP and other key parts of the protocol. Our recent Proof of Authority network launch was only just the beginning, it’s crucial that we carefully and successfully deploy features that allow builders to build meaningful technology. Second to that, we want to promote adoption by making more teams aware of Polkadot and how they can leverage it to build their product. Part of this comes down to the outreach that I discussed before but a major part of it is much more community-driven and many members of the team focus on this.
We are also blessed to have an awesome community to make this process easier 🙂

Q: Where can a list of Polkadot's application-specific chains can be found?

A (Dieter): The best list right now is http://www.polkaproject.com/. This is a community-led effort and the team behind it has done a terrific job. We’re also working on providing our own resource for this and we’ll share that with the community when it’s ready.

Q: Could you explain the differences and similarities between Kusama and Polkadot?

A (Dieter): Kusama is fundamentally a less robust, faster-moving version of Polkadot with less economic backing by validators. It is less robust since we will be deploying new technology to Kusama before Polkadot so it may break more frequently. It has less economic backing than Polkadot, so a network takeover is easier on Kusama than on Polkadot, lending itself more to use cases without the need for bank-like security.
In exchange for lower security and robustness, we expect the cost of a parachain lease to be lower on Kusama than Polkadot. Polkadot will always be 100% focused on security and robustness and I expect that applications that deal with high-value transactions such as those in the DeFi space will always want a Polkadot deployment, I think there will be a market for applications that are willing to trade cheap, high throughput for lower security and robustness such as those in the gaming, content distribution or social networking sectors. Check out - https://polkadot.network/kusama-polkadot-comparing-the-cousins/ for more detailed info!

Q: and for what reasons would a developer choose one over the other?

A (Dieter): Firstly, I see some earlier stage teams who are still iterating on their technology choosing to deploy to Kusama exclusively because of its lower-stakes, faster moving environment where it will be easier for them to iterate on their technology and build their user base. These will likely encompass the above sectors I identified earlier. To these teams, Polkadot becomes an eventual upgrade path for them if, and when, they are able to perfect their product, build a larger community of users and start to need the increased stability and security that Polkadot will provide.
Secondly, I suspect many teams who have their main deployment on Polkadot will also have an additional deployment on Kusama to allow them to test new features, either their tech or changes to the network, before these are deployed to Polkadot mainnet.

Logan Saether, Technical Education, Web3 Foundation

Q: Sweet, let's move over to Logan. Logan - could you introduce yourself, your background, and your role within the Polkadot ecosystem?

A (Logan): My initial involvement in the industry was as a smart contract engineer. During this time I worked on a few projects, including a reboot of the Ethereum Alarm Clock project originally by Piper Merriam. However, I had some frustrations at the time with the limitations of the EVM environment and began to look at other tools which could help me build the projects that I envisioned. This led to me looking at Substrate and completing a bounty for Web3 Foundation, after which I applied and joined the Technical Education team. My responsibilities at the Technical Education team include maintaining the Polkadot Wiki as a source of truth on the Polkadot ecosystem, creating example applications, writing technical documentation, giving talks and workshops, as well as helping initiatives such as the Thousand Validator Programme.

Q: The first technical question submitted for you was: "When will an official Polkadot mobile wallet appear?"

A (Logan): There is already an “official” wallet from Parity Technologies called the Parity Signer. Parity Signer allows you to keep your private keys on an air-gapped mobile device and to interactively sign messages using web interfaces such as Polkadot JS Apps. If you’re looking for something that is more of an interface to the blockchain as well as a wallet, you might be interested in PolkaWallet which is a community team that is building a full mobile interface for Polkadot.
For more information on Parity Signer check out the website: https://www.parity.io/signe

Q: Great thanks...our next question is: If someone already developed an application to run on Ethereum, but wants the interoperability that Polkadot will offer, are there any advantages to rebuilding with Substrate to run as a parachain on the Polkadot network instead of just keeping it on Ethereum and using the Ethereum bridge for use with Polkadot?

A (Logan): Yes, the advantage you would get from building on Substrate is more control over how your application will interact with the greater Polkadot ecosystem, as well as a larger design canvas for future iterations of your application.
Using an Ethereum bridge will probably have more cross chain latency than using a Polkadot parachain directly. The reason for this is due to the nature of Ethereum’s separate consensus protocol from Polkadot. For parachains, messages can be sent to be included in the next block with guarantees that they will be delivered. On bridged chains, your application will need to go through more routes in order to execute on the desired destination. It must first route from your application on Ethereum to the Ethereum bridge parachain, and afterward dispatch the XCMP message from the Polkadot side of the parachain. In other words, an application on Ethereum would first need to cross the bridge then send a message, while an application as a parachain would only need to send the message without needing to route across an external bridge.

Q: DOT transfers won't go live until Web3 removes the Sudo module and token holders approve the proposal to unlock them. But when will staking rewards start to be distributed? Will it have to after token transfers unlock? Or will accounts be able to accumulate rewards (still locked) once the network transitions to NPoS?

A (Logan): Staking rewards will be distributed starting with the transition to NPoS. Transfers will still be locked during the beginning of this phase, but reward payments are technically different from the normal transfer mechanism. You can read more about the launch process and steps at http://polkadot.network/launch-roadmap

Q: Next question is: I'm interested in how Cumulus/parachain development is going. ETA for when we will see the first parachain registered working on Kusama or some other public testnet like Westend maybe?

A (Logan): Parachains and Cumulus is a current high priority development objective of the Parity team. There have already been PoC parachains running with Cumulus on local testnets for months. The current work now is making the availability and validity subprotocols production ready in the Polkadot client. The best way to stay up to date would be to follow the project boards on GitHub that have delineated all of the tasks that should be done. Ideally, we can start seeing parachains on Westend soon with the first real parachains being deployed on Kusama thereafter.
The projects board can be viewed here: https://github.com/paritytech/polkadot/projects
Dan: Also...check out Basti's tweet from yesterday on the Cumulus topic: https://twitter.com/bkchstatus/1270479898696695808?s=20

Q: In what ways does Polkadot support smart contracts?

A (Logan): The philosophy behind the Polkadot Relay Chain is to be as minimal as possible, but allow arbitrary logic at the edges in the parachains. For this reason, Polkadot does not support smart contracts natively on the Relay Chain. However, it will support smart contracts on parachains. There are already a couple major initiatives out there. One initiative is to allow EVM contracts to be deployed on parachains, this includes the Substrate EVM module, Parity’s Frontier, and projects such as Moonbeam. Another initiative is to create a completely new smart contract stack that is native to Substrate. This includes the Substrate Contracts pallet, and the ink! DSL for writing smart contracts.
Learn more about Substrate's compatibility layer with Ethereum smart contracts here: https://github.com/paritytech/frontier

Will Pankiewicz, Master of Validators, Parity Technologies


Q: (Dan) Thanks for all the answers. Now we’ll start going through some staking questions with Will related to validating and nominating on Polkadot. Will - could you introduce yourself, your background, and your role within the Polkadot ecosystem?

A (Will): Sure thing. Like many others, Bitcoin drew me in back in 2013, but it wasn't until Ethereum came that I took the deep dive into working in the space full time. It was the financial infrastructure aspects of cryptocurrencies I was initially interested in, and first worked on dexes, algorithmic trading, and crypto funds. I really liked the idea of "Generalized Mining" that CoinFund came up with, and started to explore the whacky ways the crypto funds and others can both support ecosystems and be self-sustaining at the same time. This drew me to a lot of interesting experiments in what later became DeFi, as well as running validators on Proof of Stake networks. My role in the Polkadot ecosystem as “Master of Validators” is ensuring the needs of our validator community get met.

Q: Cool thanks. Our first community question was "Is it still more profitable to nominate the validators with lesser stake?"

A (Will): It depends on their commission, but generally yes it is more profitable to nominate validators with lesser stake. When validators have lesser stake, when you nominate them this makes your nomination stake a higher percentage of total stake. This means when rewards get distributed, it will be split more favorably toward you, as rewards are split by total stake percentage. Our entire rewards scheme is that every era (6 hours in Kusama, 24 hours in Polkadot), a certain amount of rewards get distributed, where that amount of rewards is dependent on the total amount of tokens staked for the entire network (50% of all tokens staked is currently optimal). These rewards from the end of an era get distributed roughly equally to all validators active in the validator set. The reward given to each validator is then split between the validators and all their nominators, determined by the total stake that each entity contributes. So if you contribute to a higher percentage of the total stake, you will earn more rewards.

Q: What does priority ranking under nominator addresses mean? For example, what does it mean that nominator A has priority 1 and nominator B has priority 6?

A (Will): Priority ranking is just the index of the nomination that gets stored on chain. It has no effect on how stake gets distributed in Phragmen or how rewards get calculated. This is only the order that the nominator chose their validators. The way that stake from a nominator gets distributed from a nominator to validators is via Phragmen, which is an algorithm that will optimally put stake behind validators so that distribution is roughly equal to those that will get in the validator set. It will try to maximize the total amount at stake in the network and maximize the stake behind minimally staked validators.

Q: On Polkadot.js, what does it mean when there are nodes waiting on Polkadot?

**A (Will):**In Polkadot there is a fixed validator set size that is determined by governance. The way validators get in the active set is by having the highest amount of total stake relative to other validators. So if the validator set size is 100, the top 100 validators by total stake will be in the validator set. Those not active in the validator set will be considered “waiting”.

Q: Another question...Is it necessary to become a waiting validator node right now?

A (Will): It's not necessary, but highly encouraged if you actively want to validate on Polkadot. The longer you are in the waiting tab, the longer you get exposure to nominators that may nominate you.

Q: Will current validators for Kusama also validate for Polkadot? How strongly should I consider their history (with Kusama) when looking to nominate a good validator for DOTs?

A (Will): A lot of Kusama validators will also be validators for Polkadot, as KSM was initially distributed to DOT holders. The early Kusama Validators will also likely be the first Polkadot validators. Being a Kusama validator should be a strong indicator for who to nominate on Polkadot, as the chaos that has ensued with Kusama has allowed validators to battle test their infrastructure. Kusama validators by now are very familiar with tooling, block explorers, terminology, common errors, log formats, upgrades, backups, and other aspects of node operation. This gives them an edge against Polkadot validators that may be new to the ecosystem. You should strongly consider well known Kusama validators when making your choices as a nominator on Polkadot.

Q: Can you go into more details about the process for becoming a DOT validator? Is it similar as the KSM 1000 validators program?

A (Will): The Process for becoming a DOT validators is first to have DOTs. You cannot be a validator without DOTs, as DOTs are used to pay transaction fees, and the minimum amount of DOTs you need is enough to create a validate transaction. After obtaining enough DOTs, you will need to set up your validator infrastructure. Ideally you should have a validator node with specs that match what we call standard hardware, as well as one or more sentry nodes to help isolate the validator node from attacks. After the infrastructure is up and running, you should have your Polkadot accounts set up right with a stash bonded to a controller account, and then submit a validate transaction, which will tell the network your nodes are ready to be a part of the network. You should then try and build a community around your validator to let others know you are trustworthy so that they will nominate you. The 1000 validators programme for Kusama is a programme that gives a certain amount of nominations from the Web3 Foundation and Parity to help bootstrap a community and reputation for validators. There may eventually be a similar type of programme for Polkadot as well.
Dan: Thanks a lot for all the answers, Will. That’s the end of the pre-submitted questions and now we’ll open the chat up to live Q&A, and our three team members will get through as many of your questions as possible.
We will take questions related to business development, technology, validating, and staking. For those wondering about DOT:
DOT tokens do not exist yet. Allocations of Polkadot's native DOT token are technically and legally non-transferable. Hence any publicized sale of DOTs is unsanctioned by Web3 Foundation and possibly fraudulent. Any official public sale of DOTs will be announced on the Web3 Foundation website. Polkadot’s launch process started in May and full network decentralization later this year, holders of DOT allocations will determine issuance and transferability. For those who participated in previous DOT sales, you can learn how to claim your DOTs here (https://wiki.polkadot.network/docs/en/claims).


Telegram Community Follow-up Questions Addressed Below


Q: Polkadot looks good but it confuses me that there are so many other Blockchain projects. What should I pay attention in Polkadot to give it the importance it deserves? What are your planning to achieve with your project?

A (Will): Personally, what I think differentiates it is the governance process. Coordinating forkless upgrades and social coordination helps stand it apart.
A (Dieter): The wiki is awesome - https://wiki.polkadot.network/

Q: Over 10,000 ETH paid as a transaction fee , what if this happens on Polkadot? Is it possible we can go through governance to return it to the owner?

A: Anything is possible with governance including transaction reversals, if a network quorum is reached on a topic.
A (Logan): Polkadot transaction fees work differently than the fees on Ethereum so it's a bit more difficult to shoot yourself in the foot as the whale who sent this unfortunate transaction. See here for details on fees: https://w3f-research.readthedocs.io/en/latest/polkadot/Token%20Economics.html?highlight=transaction%20fees#relay-chain-transaction-fees-and-per-block-transaction-limits
However, there is a tip that the user can input themselves which they could accidentally set to a large amount. In this cases, yes, they could proposition governance to reduce the amount that was paid in the tip.

Q: What is the minimum ideal amount of DOT and KSM to have if you want to become a validator and how much technical knowledge do you need aside from following the docs?

A (Will): It depends on what the other validators in the ecosystem are staking as well as the validator set size. You just need to be in the top staking amount of the validator set size. So if its 100 validators, you need to be in the top 100 validators by stake.

Q: Will Web3 nominate validators? If yes, which criteria to be elected?

A (Will): Web 3 Foundation is running programs like the 1000 validators programme for Kusama. There's a possibility this will continue on for Polkadot as well after transfers are enabled. https://thousand-validators.kusama.network/#/
You will need to be an active validator to earn rewards. Only those active in the validator set earn rewards. I would recommend checking out parts of the wiki: https://wiki.polkadot.network/docs/en/maintain-guides-validator-payout

Q: Is it possible to implement hastables or dag with substrate?

A (Logan): Yes.

Q: Polkadot project looks very futuristic! But, could you tell us the main role of DOT Tokens in the Polkadot Ecosystem?

A (Dan): That's a good question. The short answer is Staking, Governance, Bonding. More here: http://polkadot.network/dot-token

Q: How did you manage to prove that the consensus protocol is safe and unbreakable mathematically?

A (Dieter): We have a research teams of over a dozen scientists with PhDs and post-docs in cryptography and distributed computing who do thorough theoretical analyses on all the protocols used in Polkadot

Q: What are the prospects for NFT?

A: Already being built 🙂

Q: What will be Polkadot next roadmap for 2020 ?

A (Dieter): Building. But seriously - we will continue to add many more features and upgrades to Polkadot as well as continue to strongly focus on adoption from other builders in the ecosystem 🙂
A (Will): https://polkadot.network/launch-roadmap/
This is the launch roadmap. Ideally adding parachains and xcmp towards the end of the year

Q: How Do you stay active in terms of marketing developments during this PANDEMIC? Because I'm sure you're very excited to promote more after this settles down.

A (Dan): The main impact of covid was the impact on in-person events. We have been very active on Crowdcast for webinars since 2019, so it was quite the smooth transition to all-online events. You can see our 40+ past event recordings and follow us on Crowdcast here: https://www.crowdcast.io/polkadot. If you're interested in following our emails for updates (including online events), subscribe here: https://info.polkadot.network/subscribe

Q: Hi, who do you think is your biggest competitor in the space?

A (Dan): Polkadot is a metaprotocol that hasn't been seen in the industry up until this point. We hope to elevate the industry by providing interoperability between all major public networks as well as private blockchains.

Q: Is Polkadot a friend or competitor of Ethereum?

A: Polkadot aims to elevate the whole blockchain space with serious advancements in interoperability, governance and beyond :)

Q: When will there be hardware wallet support?

A (Will): Parity Signer works well for now. Other hardware wallets will be added pretty soon

Q: What are the attractive feature of DOT project that can attract any new users ?

A: https://polkadot.network/what-is-polkadot-a-brief-introduction/
A (Will): Buidling parachains with cross chain messaging + bridges to other chains I think will be a very appealing feature for developers

Q: According to you how much time will it take for Polkadot to get into mainstream adoption and execute all the plans set for this project?

A: We are solving many problems that have held back the blockchain industry up until now. Here is a summary in basic terms:
https://preview.redd.it/ls7i0bpm8p951.png?width=752&format=png&auto=webp&s=a8eb7bf26eac964f6b9056aa91924685ff359536

Q: When will bitpie or imtoken support DOT?

A: We are working on integrations on all the biggest and best wallet providers. ;)

Q: What event/call can we track to catch a switch to nPOS? Is it only force_new_era call? Thanks.

A (Will): If you're on riot, useful channels to follow for updates like this are #polkabot:matrix.org and #polkadot-announcements:matrix.parity.io
A (Logan): Yes this is the trigger for initiating the switch to NPoS. You can also poll the ForceEra storage for when it changes to ForceNew.

Q: What strategy will the Polkadot Team use to make new users trust its platform and be part of it?

A (Will): Pushing bleeding edge cryptography from web 3 foundation research
A (Dan): https://t.me/PolkadotOfficial/43378

Q: What technology stands behind and What are its advantages?

A (Dieter): Check out https://polkadot.network/technology/ for more info on our tech stack!

Q: What problems do you see occurring in the blockchain industry nowadays and how does your project aims to solve these problems?

A (Will): Governance I see as a huge problem. For example upgrading Bitcoin and making decisions for changing things is a very challenging process. We have robust systems of on-chain governance to help solve these coordination problems

Q: How involved are the Polkadot partners? Are they helping with the development?

A (Dieter): There are a variety of groups building in the Polkadot ecosystem. Check out http://www.polkaproject.com/ for a great list.

Q: Can you explain the role of the treasury in Polkadot?

A (Will): The treasury is for projects or people that want to build things, but don't want to go through the formal legal process of raising funds from VCs or grants or what have you. You can get paid by the community to build projects for the community.
A: There’s a whole section on the wiki about the treasury and how it functions here https://wiki.polkadot.network/docs/en/mirror-learn-treasury#docsNav

Q: Any plan to introduce Polkadot on Asia, or rising market on Asia?

**A (Will):**We're globally focused

Q: What kind of impact do you expect from the Council? Although it would be elected by token holders, what kind of people you wish to see there?

A (Will): Community focused individuals like u/jam10o that want to see cool things get built and cool communities form

If you have further questions, please ask in the official Polkadot Telegram channel.
submitted by dzr9127 to dot [link] [comments]

0xBizcoin - Potential x100 Uniswap GEM.

https://uniswap.exchange/swap?inputCurrency=0x8B1085F856277721E7929E4e3cFcc95566341A1D
Website: Soon Disc: 4aDaeMD (For sharing) Telegram: SoonTM, dev dont want to be the owner of the Telegram Server.
>Proof of Shill, you literally can earn tokens just shilling on here/other subreddits/4chan >Only 1.500.000 tokens, 750.000 on Uniswap. >Less than 24hrs old discord, didnt launched suddenly. >Coin launched recently for live trading. >No bullshit for suddenly close the project. >You can use your 0xBizcoin for tips/pay biz/crypto/reddit related stuff or just as a Memecoin. >Airdrop is LIVE.
> Dev is a good boy.
submitted by XPrivateMan to CryptoMoonShots [link] [comments]

Weekly Update: Parachute Crypto League, Constellation Mainnet Launched, Uptrennd Blockchain Awards, $COTI on Bidesk... – 24 Apr - 30 Apr'20

Weekly Update: Parachute Crypto League, Constellation Mainnet Launched, Uptrennd Blockchain Awards, $COTI on Bidesk... – 24 Apr - 30 Apr'20
Sup Parachuters! Eid Mubarak to everyone around the world. Continuing with our weekly update catch up series, here’s your week at Parachute + partners (24 Apr - 30 Apr'20):

The Parachute-themed Crypto Leagues weekly game went live this week. As Cap said last week: "...it’s a game where you get play money to invest in any coins ya want. At the end of the week whoever does the best is going to win some PAR...It’s not real money" and top 5 get cool $PAR prizes from a 400k $PAR pot..."anyone who signs up and partipicates is going to get some PAR!". Hope you got a chance to get in. Don't forget to share feedback with Mark (@Kryptopia) in Parachute or the Crypto Leagues Telegram channel. Before the start of the game, Kyle (@Liquidh8) was kind enough to share some trading 101 lessons with other Parachuters. Don’t forget to check out Rakesh’s (Mr. Nobody on Telegram) massive $PAR giveaway on Twitter. Gian’s 2FT theme continued its journey along the alphabet train with "videos featuring bands or artists whose name starts with the letters Q, R, S, or T". As always, you can catch up on all the posts from Sebastian’s playlist. Interesting Parena rules Foo. Haha. And congrats to Carlos for winning the finale. Victor’s trivia in TTR was pretty fun as well. Jason's #wholesomewed prompt for this week was mad libs: "I want you to create one! It needs to have atleast 3 prompts for me to answer and then tell me what the mad libs says...".
Call-of-Duty – Doc Vic Edition
The weekly 20k $AXPR burn happened like clockwork. aXpire’s Bilr application now has a dedicated YouTube channel. Should becoming a Citizen be made mandatory for using the XIO dApp? Current XIO Citizens discussed on this topic for this week’s #XIOSocial talks. Zachary’s latest Around the Block post shared thoughts of 33 crypto personalities on what it would take for crypto to gain mass adoption. Birdchain crew published an article detailing the history of SMS messages along with some cool trivia. If you have issues using the app, don’t forget to send them an email. Congratulations to Voyager for being named as an Honoree in the Annual Webby Awards for 2020. Click here and here to read Fantom’s latest technical and general updates. The technical update also covers a sneak peek into the upcoming Ledger integration. Click here to see that in action. If you have been wondering how to stake $FTM from MyEtherWallet, check out Michael’s explainer video. The crew sat down for a virtual meetup with MakerDAO this week. Uptrennd crossed 90k+ users this week. Woohoo! As hinted last week, Uptrennd launched their first community-driven blockchain awards this week with a crowd-sourced nomination process. Beaxy exchange joined the platform. Click here to check the latest stats on the platform. Altcoin Buzz also published an overview of Uptrennd. A Freewrite contest was started for the creatively inclined. CEO Jeff Kirdeikis appeared for an interview with BeInCrypto to discuss the current state of cryptocurrencies. You can watch the full interview here.
The new Uptrennd login page looks fresh
To read the latest District Weekly from District0x, click here. And for the biweekly Dev Update, click here. Hydro added Amazon Web Services’ Key Management Service (KMS) as an integration. The team also published a blogpost on blockchain use cases in banking and payments. To read on the latest Sentivate code updates, click here, here and here. Mycro announced a partnership with Bitbook to have their campaign hosted on the Mycro Hunter App. OST Head of Engagement Simona Pop will be speaking at Ready Layer One’s community event next week. If you’re a SelfKey Newsletter reader and have feedback regarding it, don’t forget to share it with them. The first set of most voted for feature ideas by the community were added to the Mobile App this week. The team shared tips for WFH professionals. Plus, a introduction article on crypto lending. Looking for some fresh $DAG merch? Constellation’s new gift shop is here. Saweet! And finally, congratulations on the mainnet launch. If you follow Wibson, you’ll know that they are a regular in the Ethereum meetup circuit. This week, the crew joined the Ethereum Buenos Aires meetup that featured speakers from MakerDAO and Decentraland. The new IntelliShare website was launched. Here’s an operation manual to navigate around it. In order to be achieve DAO-like governance, the project opened up recruitment for its 6th Autonomous Committee. Part 2 of GET Protocol CEO Maarten Bloemers’ interview with HKB News of Korea was released. Click here to read the project update summary of April.
Fresh Constellation merch from the newly opened gift store
Harmony moved into the final testing phase or Pangaea Phase 3 this week. Lots of rewards in store for the community. If you’re just starting to read up on Harmony, do check out the introduction and testnet staking 101 articles. Co-founder Sahil Dewan was interviewed by CXO Worldwide where he talked about DeFi and how Harmony could play a role in Indian scene. His interview on Crypto News Point was also published this week. $ONE is now supported on Guarda Wallet. Founder Stephen Tse spoke at the Block Covid Virtual Summit. Click here to watch. If you have a Harmony Validator on Ankr, don’t forget to check out the updates. The team held a quiz in preparation for Open Staking. For the latest #pow thread, click here. Folks working on smart contracts on the Harmony Network, hopefully you didn’t miss the webinar this week. If you did, fret not. You can watch it here. Nikolaos Kostopoulos from the team attended a roundtable representing Harmony. Stephen also sat down for a community AMA along with a series of video updates (1, 2, 3, 4, 5) to close off the week. COTI’s first testnet operator joined as a mainnet operator this week. Speaks volumes of the community stickiness. Constellation will be running an advanced node on COTI’s network starting next month. Bidesk listed $COTI with $BTC and $USDT pairings. The token was added to Blockfolio Signal as well. So all users of the tracker will get push notifications for the project updates. And here’s a bit of epicness that nobody should miss – A bonafide dance contest by $DYT and $INE fans. Check out the videos here. Haha. So awesome. And congratulations to the winners! $DYT was listed on ETOR exchange. The staking program allows HODLers to earn 1% bonus every month. How? Click here to find out.

And with that, it’s a wrap! See you again with another update. Cheers!
submitted by abhijoysarkar to ParachuteToken [link] [comments]

【Announcement】CNC will be listed on Coinviva

【Announcement】CNC will be listed on Coinviva

Coinviva CNC-USDT Trading Pair
Dear Coinviva users,
CannaChain(CNC) will be listed on Coinviva. Please see details as follow:
Trading pair: CNC / USDT
Trading available: 10:00 on July 15, 2020 (UTC+9).
Deposit available: 11:00 on July 14, 2020 (UTC+9)
Withdrawal available: 11:00 on July 14, 2020 (UTC+9)
Trading platform: www.coinviva.com
Fee Schedule

【About CannaChain】
CannaChain is the world’s first blockchain engine for cannabis, intended to solve the industry’s problems of banking and payments, provenance & fundraising by using blockchain solutions. CannaChain provides a decentralized and distributed peer-to-peer trust network, an efficient solution to the cash-payment problem, as well as an immutable, interactive, and traceable database network.
Website:www.cannachain.net
Whitepaper:https://kdocs.cn/l/s9ElLurxp
Tips: Please be aware that cryptocurrencies can change in value and possibly result in investment losses. Speculative investment should be carefully monitored
The Coinviva Team
July 13th, 2020
About Coinviva:
Coinviva aims to create the best crypto financial services ecosystem for both institutional and individual investors. We provide reliable fiat funding options, excellent trading liquidity, bank security level custody and one-stop high liquidity provision on-site & off-site. Our founding management team all come from top tiered investment banking (e.g. JP Morgan, Morgan Stanley, Bank of America Merrill Lynch), with fully comprehensive financial institution operation experience.
Homepage: https://coinviva.com/
Twitter:https://twitter.com/coinviva
Telegram:https://t.me/coinviva
submitted by Coinviva to u/Coinviva [link] [comments]

My 10 Months Journey in Algo Trading - A trip down the rabbit hole. (And why you should be persistent)

Hello everyone, the following is my own story inside this market.
Since i first heard about Crypto, i never again lost interest for it. I remember it was late 2014 when i first met a friend that was deep into Bitcoin, saying all kinds of crazy stuff about it like it would be the future of money, that it was a revolutionary tech and was going to be the reason why governments would no longer be so able to control your own money (Later he dropped out of college to work for one of the major exchanges today). Me, being your average college anarchist, thought that was absolutely amazing, and i became eager to understand what that new tech actually meant. To this day i don't completely remember why i never bought any BTC at the time, maybe it was because i didnt have any kind of spare money on me, and that was about it. It was only late 2017 that I first got around to having a good amount of money to finally be able to buy some BTC. Now, guys, if any of you was around the scenario at the time, you should remember that BTC was peaking... Days later it completely crashed. I bought it at $17.000... Sold it at $8.300. I was completely furious. That money took me a long time to save up!! I remember not telling that to anyone, and I was completely and utterly done with crypto! But oh boy... Was I wrong. I really left the community after that, without any willingness to come back again. It was only until Mid July 2019 that crypto finally picked up on my radar again, when another friend added me to his Telegram discussion group. People there seemed quite the bunch, of all ages and degree of knowledge, sharing everything they could find about news/articles/theories about Btc and Altcoins. And this my friends, is where the 10 Months journey actually begins. Seeing that absurd amount of information being shared, i felt it was time to study the market again and put my money on it AGAIN, but this time as an Altcoin Trader (I now know it was a stupid idea). Studied for months, developed strategies, paper tested them... Lost it all in 2 weeks. Not satisfied, I wrongly believed the mistake was my own, and if i really wanted to conquer financial freedom, i had to study more, perfect my strategy. I repeated this cycle About 4 of 5 times, losing everything at somepoint, everytime. One day, someone forwarded me a paper saying about 90%+ traders will completely fail in the long run, and i completely agreed with it, concluding that i was one of those. But, an excerpt said the following: "Most traders lose in the long run not because their strategy suddenly stops working, but because they get emotional on trades". And the conclusion on my head was just as simple as you can imagine: "then, Let's remove emotion". To shorten the story, i met a guy there who had developed some sort of market scanner for a specific exchange. The Market scanner was absolutely great, but he wasn't managing to draw a good strategy from it. Hearing that, I reached out to two awesome programmers i met on college, so they could help me with some kind of algo trading bot based on what the scanner was telling us, and they agreed to help. I was in charge of Data Analysis/strategy developing, and the other two managed the Database and coded the hard part of the integration with the scanner. The first test was a complete failure as well. The algo, after A LOT of work on our end, managed to nail the top and always buy on it, resulting in an absurd amount of losses. We obviously were very disappointed saying that so much time was wasted on something that was not even close from being profitable. So, stubborn as we are, we studied even more. We added several self-adjustable parameters within it, Studied LSTM Analysis to apply better filters and Pretty much devoured the Turtle Trading Book. Guess what? The both still managed to lose, only this time a bit slower. At this point, we already accepted our fate that we were never going to make something work, but we kept researching new methods just because they helped us understand and try out Python and Data analysis tools in a practical way. When Corona arrived, we decided to lock ourselves up together, to give it one last as well aimed shot at developing an Algo. This time, we actually allowed ourselves to be creative and try all sorts of crazy out-of-the-box techniques, while always remembering the motto "The difference between Losing and Winning is merely detail." Then a flash of brilliance came to us. We were interpreting the market the wrong way all along, making something statical read something ever-shifting like the crypto market. That was bound to lose us money in the long run. We finally got rid of several useless add-ons on the algo, and updated the parameters for entries based on what our theory was. And well, we finally did it! The new algo is running since the 14th of this month, with 93% Winrate on First Targets across all of the exchange's Pairs and 80% winrate on the second Target. We are at our most happy moment with this journey and completely sure we can further improve our new and working system! So, here goes some tips:
- No matter at which point you are on your Code, never stop studying. News things pop up everyday, and there's always something out there that you can use, but do not know exists. - "The difference between losing and winning is merely detail" - Never be afraid to share the project with others. They are your greatest source of help - Be aware of commisions and pay attention to compound interest - Never make a strategy that doesn't adapt itself, or better bots will start to read it and completely crush it. - Be persistent :)
TL;DR I built a good algo with the money i lost along the way
submitted by joaomilare to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Weekly Update: Parachute patent, Harmony + Debrief, COTI Staking 2.0, Crypto Leagues... – 27 Mar - 2 Apr'20

Weekly Update: Parachute patent, Harmony + Debrief, COTI Staking 2.0, Crypto Leagues... – 27 Mar - 2 Apr'20
Hi everyone! We have caught up with the latest week again. Woohoo! Here’s your week at Parachute + partners (27 Mar - 2 Apr'20):

The Parachute crew filed a patent this week focused on chat-based payments using blockchain. Gamerboy’s latest TTR trivia was based on scientific names. Congratulations to Foo for winning this week’s Parena. One of the rare moments when a host wins Parena. Woot! We also had a flash Parena which saw Nuno’s Macaque beat Foo’s Tapir in a closely fought finale to take home 10k $PAR. And another Parena to mark the start of April. Whew! Victor hosted a fun trivia in TTR this week. The tiproom crew also hosted a photo contest to break away from the quarantine blues with a 30k $PAR prize pot. A surprise CoD game hosted by Tavo saw 5k+ $PAR being given away in prizes. He also held a qualifier battle royale round this week in preparation of a new season. Mark (@Kryptopia) launched the beta version of his Crypto Leagues trading game this week with the inaugural league having some cool $PAR prizes. It’s a crypto trading simulation game where you can compete with friends and family. Jason started his #wholesomewed early and made it a week-long event – "..do something helpful or nice for a stranger. It can be as small as finding some toilet paper for someone..". For Two-for-Tuesday, folks posted music from "bands or artists whose name starts with A, B, C or D". Thanks again Sebastian for making the playlist! A Tuesday special random TTR trivia had 500 $PAR in rewards per question. DoYourTip and Tiproom gear are now available in the Parachute shop. Cool!
The first ever Crypto League had $PAR prizes for the top traders. Cool!
Ethos’ parent company Voyager completed its acquisition of Circle Invest with converting all 40k accounts to Voyager. Sentivate released their public and private project decks. The latest browser update includes support for torrents. For other dev updates, click here, here, here, here (thread) and here. Not yet on the Mycro Hunter App? Click here to see how to sign up. OST launched Meetly this week – a directory of #StayAtHome events across the world. SelfKey fans, hope you didn’t forget to share your ideas on getting the Wallet App into more hands. ExMarkets joined SelfKey’s crypto exchange marketplace. The team also shared a few wealth management tips in their latest blog post. How does $KEY act as a reputational element in a distributed system? Read here. Yazom announced that the app was ready for release and awaiting approval from Play Store. Wibson launched MyCovidRisk to detect possible COVID-19 infections using location history. DoYourTip and Intellishare did a crossover social media giveaway starting this week with cool $DYT and $INE prizes for some fun activities. Jobchain website had an upgrade. Click here to read GET Protocol’s latest monthly update report. COTI introduced their latest staking model this week. The new mechanism will allow more volume and participants. Early registration for Staking 2.0 was started as well. Staking rewards for March were distributed. Following last week’s airdrop, DoYourTip community decided to airdrop even more $DYT to wallets that never held any. For this they will be conducting a series of votes to select the project whose HODLers will receive the airdrops. The first two of these polls (1, 2, 3) happened this week. Plus, another bonus bounty for $DYT fans. The giveaways never end! $DYT’s price metrics were added to Coinpaprika and Etherscan. A new league in the Crypto Leagues gaming platform was also launched with $DYT prizes.
An early sneak peek of SelfKey’s next desktop version update
BlockDaemon joined Harmony as a staking partner this week. Remember the partnership with privacy protocol solution Suterusu announced last week? This week, the team also hosted an AMA with their CTO, Dr. Lin Huang. MoonStake became the latest staking platform to add Harmony and their partner BinaryStar announced support for community and marketing activities for Harmony in Japan. For the latest #pow thread, video summary and community update for the week gone by, click here, here and here respectively. A demo video of the NFT Store dApp was also released. Wetez became the latest staking partner of Harmony. Click here to read their AMA transcript. Hope you got a chance to share your feedback on the updated proposal for staking economics submitted by Co-founder Nick White which was formalised into a new tokenomics model. This release was followed by an AMA announcement for next week to discuss this in detail. For the TLDR, click here. Blockchain-based communication platform Debrief joined hands with the project to build dAPI middleware on the Harmony platform. The network experienced a temporary outage this week which was restored quickly. The team did a close inspection of a consensus issue and resolved those as well. A new contest was announced where validators now stand a chance to win 3 months of free computing power on AVS or Vultr. All internally mined $ONE tokens will be burned leading to nil inflation of token supply. Here’s a video summary that explains the burn. BitMax announced staking support for Harmony. Plus, validators can now track their nodes through Telegram. That is awesome! A .crypto domain giveaway was a great way to end the week on a high.
The new $ONE economic model
For the weekly aXpire update, click here. COO Matthew Markham wrote about why expense allocation is an important consideration for fund managers and about the applications of machine learning in law firms. Next week, CEO Gary Markham will be speaking at a webinar by Hedge Fund Association on cost containment strategies which aXpire is also sponsoring. Have you read the 2gether manifesto yet? Click here if you haven’t. Want to make a poster out of it? Here ya go! The results of the private beta testing of the XIO portal were compiled with a follow-up AMA to happen soon. To catch up on the latest news at Fantom, have a read of their project update. They also announced that Chainlink will be the official oracle solution across the FTM network. Validators were informed to upgrade their nodes in preparation for an upcoming network update. Hope you had a moment to take part in the first ever Uptrennd Talent Show. As promised last week, the Digibyte review report came out this week. Click here to have a read. Read the Uptrennd manifesto, yet? Don’t miss the project’s ethos video either. Entries for the latest Article-of-the-Month contest opened up this week. Plus a meme contest for our memelords. Get on it! The District0x Weekly and Dev Updates covered a lot of ground this week. Matic Network’s Sandeep Nailwal sat down for an interview with Brady in this week’s Dapp Digest. Plus, Meme Factory is starting a verified artists system through an invite-only ambassadors program. Hydrogen integrated real estate data provider Zillow to its platform this week. The project also announced a partnership with FinConecta to help legacy financial firms move to a Banking-as-a-Service model. The team’s tips on BCP (business continuity plan) is a helpful guide for all fintechs.

And with that, it’s a wrap. See you again with another update. Ciao!
submitted by abhijoysarkar to ParachuteToken [link] [comments]

Introducing: Nudehub, the app that lets you take speculative positions on your favourite amateur porn stars!

Hello, Reddit! We’re excited to share with you a new non-custodial app we’ve been building over the last year! Please comment with questions or feedback below. We’d love to hear from you on how we can improve the product design and incentives!
Overview
Nudehub aspires to be a one-stop shop for all services in the amateur porn market while using blockchain technology to bring a new twist that is unseen in the industry.
How it works
Nudehub has just launched its minimum viable product (MVP) service to showcase the power of combining amateur porn and blockchain.
In later iterations, the platform will support non-invasive ads to monetize the traffic that comes to Nudehub. Revenue from the ads will be used to buy NHB tokens which are distributed back to enthusiasts to vote on the nudes. This innovative model gives end users a say in where the ad revenue flows, ensuring that their favorite models receive compensation for their contributions. Along with free funds to spend on nudes, enthusiasts can also deposit their own NHB tokens to tip the models.
Take a speculative position in your favorite models on the platform
Enthusiasts can reserve rights in each model on the platform by locking up NHB tokens as collateral and bidding on rights in a Dutch auction. The rights are represented as a unique Ethereum token.
Enthusiasts can also become curators, users who have the ability to re-share content from the models they own rights in. Through their model selection and sharing, curators can gather a following of enthusiasts. In return for expanding a model’s reach, curators receive 10% of revenue from votes submitted to their curator profile. Curators must own at least 1% of the rights in a model to re-share the model’s content to followers.
10% of all revenue brought in by models is paid into the pool of locked funds backing the rights. Nudehub will form an exclusive integration with a crypto exchange to create a market where rights can be traded. 30% of the fees generated from trading rights will go back to the pool backing the rights.
As a model gets more popular, bringing in more votes and trade volume on their rights, the pool of funds backing the rights grows. At any time, the rights can be destroyed and the collateral backing them is returned to the account that destroyed the rights.
Built on a P2P network with layer-2 technology and secured by the NHB token
Nudehub is built on a POA network with P2P nodes that utilizes a layer-2 design to clear transactions on the Ethereum blockchain. Anyone can run a node and get paid for their contribution in the form of the NHB token. In later iterations of Nudehub, the nodes will be required to stake NHB tokens to secure the layer-2 network, and in return they will be paid 5% of the fees that flow through the platform.
Future expansions
Later iterations of Nudehub will include video streaming and chat capabilities, allowing models to offer services such as private sexting and video chats with their fans. Models will also have the option of hosting a private nude stream that is accessible only to fans who pay an extra fee to subscribe. Like with votes, 10% of all revenue created by these services will go to the pool of funds backing up the rights of each model. Nudehub will be the one-stop shop offering all services related to amateur porn.
Claim your free NHB tokens to start voting now
To help jumpstart Nudehub, the MVP iteration uses the NHB token as the currency of the platform. Each account is pre-loaded with 100 NHB tokens to spend on nudes. These free NHB tokens cannot be withdrawn by end users—they can only be spent on nudes. Along with 100 NHB tokens, each enthusiast is eligible to receive up to 50 free NHB tokens per day to vote on nudes.
Start running your own node now and earn NHB tokens
To run a node, please go to https://github.com/Nudehub/nudehub-validator and follow the readme on setting up a node. When you set up a node, you will need to run it on a VM that you have rented out in a hosting center. This will require a small amount of command line knowledge.
When you set up your node, you will need to provide your Ethereum address to receive your NHB token payments. 5% of the NHB tokens are reserved to pay nodes early on, with 0.02% of the tokens credited to nodes each day. After the 5% is gone, nodes will get paid from the 5% of fees that go to the nodes running the network. Nodes will be tracked for their uptime each day. At the end of each month, NHB tokens will be sent out to the addresses provided to us at setup.
Learn more
Please visit the FAQ to learn more about how Nudehub works! If you would like to talk to the team about Nudehub, please join our Telegram community and we will get back to you as quickly as possible.
submitted by johnsmith150787 to ethereum [link] [comments]

Why i’m bullish on Zilliqa (long read)

Hey all, I've been researching coins since 2017 and have gone through 100s of them in the last 3 years. I got introduced to blockchain via Bitcoin of course, analysed Ethereum thereafter and from that moment I have a keen interest in smart contact platforms. I’m passionate about Ethereum but I find Zilliqa to have a better risk reward ratio. Especially because Zilliqa has found an elegant balance between being secure, decentralised and scalable in my opinion.
 
Below I post my analysis why from all the coins I went through I’m most bullish on Zilliqa (yes I went through Tezos, EOS, NEO, VeChain, Harmony, Algorand, Cardano etc.). Note that this is not investment advice and although it's a thorough analysis there is obviously some bias involved. Looking forward to what you all think!
 
Fun fact: the name Zilliqa is a play on ‘silica’ silicon dioxide which means “Silicon for the high-throughput consensus computer.”
 
This post is divided into (i) Technology, (ii) Business & Partnerships, and (iii) Marketing & Community. I’ve tried to make the technology part readable for a broad audience. If you’ve ever tried understanding the inner workings of Bitcoin and Ethereum you should be able to grasp most parts. Otherwise just skim through and once you are zoning out head to the next part.
 
Technology and some more:
 
Introduction The technology is one of the main reasons why I’m so bullish on Zilliqa. First thing you see on their website is: “Zilliqa is a high-performance, high-security blockchain platform for enterprises and next-generation applications.” These are some bold statements.
 
Before we deep dive into the technology let’s take a step back in time first as they have quite the history. The initial research paper from which Zilliqa originated dates back to August 2016: Elastico: A Secure Sharding Protocol For Open Blockchains where Loi Luu (Kyber Network) is one of the co-authors. Other ideas that led to the development of what Zilliqa has become today are: Bitcoin-NG, collective signing CoSi, ByzCoin and Omniledger.
 
The technical white paper was made public in August 2017 and since then they have achieved everything stated in the white paper and also created their own open source intermediate level smart contract language called Scilla (functional programming language similar to OCaml) too.
 
Mainnet is live since end of January 2019 with daily transaction rate growing continuously. About a week ago mainnet reached 5 million transactions, 500.000+ addresses in total along with 2400 nodes keeping the network decentralised and secure. Circulating supply is nearing 11 billion and currently only mining rewards are left. Maximum supply is 21 billion with annual inflation being 7.13% currently and will only decrease with time.
 
Zilliqa realised early on that the usage of public cryptocurrencies and smart contracts were increasing but decentralised, secure and scalable alternatives were lacking in the crypto space. They proposed to apply sharding onto a public smart contract blockchain where the transaction rate increases almost linear with the increase in amount of nodes. More nodes = higher transaction throughput and increased decentralisation. Sharding comes in many forms and Zilliqa uses network-, transaction- and computational sharding. Network sharding opens up the possibility of using transaction- and computational sharding on top. Zilliqa does not use state sharding for now. We’ll come back to this later.
 
Before we continue disecting how Zilliqa achieves such from a technological standpoint it’s good to keep in mind that a blockchain being decentralised and secure and scalable is still one of the main hurdles in allowing widespread usage of decentralised networks. In my opinion this needs to be solved first before blockchains can get to the point where they can create and add large scale value. So I invite you to read the next section to grasp the underlying fundamentals. Because after all these premises need to be true otherwise there isn’t a fundamental case to be bullish on Zilliqa, right?
 
Down the rabbit hole
 
How have they achieved this? Let’s define the basics first: key players on Zilliqa are the users and the miners. A user is anybody who uses the blockchain to transfer funds or run smart contracts. Miners are the (shard) nodes in the network who run the consensus protocol and get rewarded for their service in Zillings (ZIL). The mining network is divided into several smaller networks called shards, which is also referred to as ‘network sharding’. Miners subsequently are randomly assigned to a shard by another set of miners called DS (Directory Service) nodes. The regular shards process transactions and the outputs of these shards are eventually combined by the DS shard as they reach consensus on the final state. More on how these DS shards reach consensus (via pBFT) will be explained later on.
 
The Zilliqa network produces two types of blocks: DS blocks and Tx blocks. One DS Block consists of 100 Tx Blocks. And as previously mentioned there are two types of nodes concerned with reaching consensus: shard nodes and DS nodes. Becoming a shard node or DS node is being defined by the result of a PoW cycle (Ethash) at the beginning of the DS Block. All candidate mining nodes compete with each other and run the PoW (Proof-of-Work) cycle for 60 seconds and the submissions achieving the highest difficulty will be allowed on the network. And to put it in perspective: the average difficulty for one DS node is ~ 2 Th/s equaling 2.000.000 Mh/s or 55 thousand+ GeForce GTX 1070 / 8 GB GPUs at 35.4 Mh/s. Each DS Block 10 new DS nodes are allowed. And a shard node needs to provide around 8.53 GH/s currently (around 240 GTX 1070s). Dual mining ETH/ETC and ZIL is possible and can be done via mining software such as Phoenix and Claymore. There are pools and if you have large amounts of hashing power (Ethash) available you could mine solo.
 
The PoW cycle of 60 seconds is a peak performance and acts as an entry ticket to the network. The entry ticket is called a sybil resistance mechanism and makes it incredibly hard for adversaries to spawn lots of identities and manipulate the network with these identities. And after every 100 Tx Blocks which corresponds to roughly 1,5 hour this PoW process repeats. In between these 1,5 hour no PoW needs to be done meaning Zilliqa’s energy consumption to keep the network secure is low. For more detailed information on how mining works click here.
Okay, hats off to you. You have made it this far. Before we go any deeper down the rabbit hole we first must understand why Zilliqa goes through all of the above technicalities and understand a bit more what a blockchain on a more fundamental level is. Because the core of Zilliqa’s consensus protocol relies on the usage of pBFT (practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance) we need to know more about state machines and their function. Navigate to Viewblock, a Zilliqa block explorer, and just come back to this article. We will use this site to navigate through a few concepts.
 
We have established that Zilliqa is a public and distributed blockchain. Meaning that everyone with an internet connection can send ZILs, trigger smart contracts etc. and there is no central authority who fully controls the network. Zilliqa and other public and distributed blockchains (like Bitcoin and Ethereum) can also be defined as state machines.
 
Taking the liberty of paraphrasing examples and definitions given by Samuel Brooks’ medium article, he describes the definition of a blockchain (like Zilliqa) as:
“A peer-to-peer, append-only datastore that uses consensus to synchronise cryptographically-secure data”.
 
Next he states that: >“blockchains are fundamentally systems for managing valid state transitions”.* For some more context, I recommend reading the whole medium article to get a better grasp of the definitions and understanding of state machines. Nevertheless, let’s try to simplify and compile it into a single paragraph. Take traffic lights as an example: all its states (red, amber and green) are predefined, all possible outcomes are known and it doesn’t matter if you encounter the traffic light today or tomorrow. It will still behave the same. Managing the states of a traffic light can be done by triggering a sensor on the road or pushing a button resulting in one traffic lights’ state going from green to red (via amber) and another light from red to green.
 
With public blockchains like Zilliqa this isn’t so straightforward and simple. It started with block #1 almost 1,5 years ago and every 45 seconds or so a new block linked to the previous block is being added. Resulting in a chain of blocks with transactions in it that everyone can verify from block #1 to the current #647.000+ block. The state is ever changing and the states it can find itself in are infinite. And while the traffic light might work together in tandem with various other traffic lights, it’s rather insignificant comparing it to a public blockchain. Because Zilliqa consists of 2400 nodes who need to work together to achieve consensus on what the latest valid state is while some of these nodes may have latency or broadcast issues, drop offline or are deliberately trying to attack the network etc.
 
Now go back to the Viewblock page take a look at the amount of transaction, addresses, block and DS height and then hit refresh. Obviously as expected you see new incremented values on one or all parameters. And how did the Zilliqa blockchain manage to transition from a previous valid state to the latest valid state? By using pBFT to reach consensus on the latest valid state.
 
After having obtained the entry ticket, miners execute pBFT to reach consensus on the ever changing state of the blockchain. pBFT requires a series of network communication between nodes, and as such there is no GPU involved (but CPU). Resulting in the total energy consumed to keep the blockchain secure, decentralised and scalable being low.
 
pBFT stands for practical Byzantine Fault Tolerance and is an optimisation on the Byzantine Fault Tolerant algorithm. To quote Blockonomi: “In the context of distributed systems, Byzantine Fault Tolerance is the ability of a distributed computer network to function as desired and correctly reach a sufficient consensus despite malicious components (nodes) of the system failing or propagating incorrect information to other peers.” Zilliqa is such a distributed computer network and depends on the honesty of the nodes (shard and DS) to reach consensus and to continuously update the state with the latest block. If pBFT is a new term for you I can highly recommend the Blockonomi article.
 
The idea of pBFT was introduced in 1999 - one of the authors even won a Turing award for it - and it is well researched and applied in various blockchains and distributed systems nowadays. If you want more advanced information than the Blockonomi link provides click here. And if you’re in between Blockonomi and University of Singapore read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 2 dating from October 2017.
Quoting from the Zilliqa tech whitepaper: “pBFT relies upon a correct leader (which is randomly selected) to begin each phase and proceed when the sufficient majority exists. In case the leader is byzantine it can stall the entire consensus protocol. To address this challenge, pBFT offers a view change protocol to replace the byzantine leader with another one.”
 
pBFT can tolerate ⅓ of the nodes being dishonest (offline counts as Byzantine = dishonest) and the consensus protocol will function without stalling or hiccups. Once there are more than ⅓ of dishonest nodes but no more than ⅔ the network will be stalled and a view change will be triggered to elect a new DS leader. Only when more than ⅔ of the nodes are dishonest (>66%) double spend attacks become possible.
 
If the network stalls no transactions can be processed and one has to wait until a new honest leader has been elected. When the mainnet was just launched and in its early phases, view changes happened regularly. As of today the last stalling of the network - and view change being triggered - was at the end of October 2019.
 
Another benefit of using pBFT for consensus besides low energy is the immediate finality it provides. Once your transaction is included in a block and the block is added to the chain it’s done. Lastly, take a look at this article where three types of finality are being defined: probabilistic, absolute and economic finality. Zilliqa falls under the absolute finality (just like Tendermint for example). Although lengthy already we skipped through some of the inner workings from Zilliqa’s consensus: read the Zilliqa Design Story Part 3 and you will be close to having a complete picture on it. Enough about PoW, sybil resistance mechanism, pBFT etc. Another thing we haven’t looked at yet is the amount of decentralisation.
 
Decentralisation
 
Currently there are four shards, each one of them consisting of 600 nodes. 1 shard with 600 so called DS nodes (Directory Service - they need to achieve a higher difficulty than shard nodes) and 1800 shard nodes of which 250 are shard guards (centralised nodes controlled by the team). The amount of shard guards has been steadily declining from 1200 in January 2019 to 250 as of May 2020. On the Viewblock statistics you can see that many of the nodes are being located in the US but those are only the (CPU parts of the) shard nodes who perform pBFT. There is no data from where the PoW sources are coming. And when the Zilliqa blockchain starts reaching their transaction capacity limit, a network upgrade needs to be executed to lift the current cap of maximum 2400 nodes to allow more nodes and formation of more shards which will allow to network to keep on scaling according to demand.
Besides shard nodes there are also seed nodes. The main role of seed nodes is to serve as direct access points (for end users and clients) to the core Zilliqa network that validates transactions. Seed nodes consolidate transaction requests and forward these to the lookup nodes (another type of nodes) for distribution to the shards in the network. Seed nodes also maintain the entire transaction history and the global state of the blockchain which is needed to provide services such as block explorers. Seed nodes in the Zilliqa network are comparable to Infura on Ethereum.
 
The seed nodes were first only operated by Zilliqa themselves, exchanges and Viewblock. Operators of seed nodes like exchanges had no incentive to open them for the greater public.They were centralised at first. Decentralisation at the seed nodes level has been steadily rolled out since March 2020 ( Zilliqa Improvement Proposal 3 ). Currently the amount of seed nodes is being increased, they are public facing and at the same time PoS is applied to incentivize seed node operators and make it possible for ZIL holders to stake and earn passive yields. Important distinction: seed nodes are not involved with consensus! That is still PoW as entry ticket and pBFT for the actual consensus.
 
5% of the block rewards are being assigned to seed nodes (from the beginning in 2019) and those are being used to pay out ZIL stakers.The 5% block rewards with an annual yield of 10.03% translates to roughly 610 MM ZILs in total that can be staked. Exchanges use the custodial variant of staking and wallets like Moonlet will use the non custodial version (starting in Q3 2020). Staking is being done by sending ZILs to a smart contract created by Zilliqa and audited by Quantstamp.
 
With a high amount of DS & shard nodes and seed nodes becoming more decentralised too, Zilliqa qualifies for the label of decentralised in my opinion.
 
Smart contracts
 
Let me start by saying I’m not a developer and my programming skills are quite limited. So I‘m taking the ELI5 route (maybe 12) but if you are familiar with Javascript, Solidity or specifically OCaml please head straight to Scilla - read the docs to get a good initial grasp of how Zilliqa’s smart contract language Scilla works and if you ask yourself “why another programming language?” check this article. And if you want to play around with some sample contracts in an IDE click here. Faucet can be found here. And more information on architecture, dapp development and API can be found on the Developer Portal.
If you are more into listening and watching: check this recent webinar explaining Zilliqa and Scilla. Link is time stamped so you’ll start right away with a platform introduction, R&D roadmap 2020 and afterwards a proper Scilla introduction.
 
Generalised: programming languages can be divided into being ‘object oriented’ or ‘functional’. Here is an ELI5 given by software development academy: > “all programmes have two basic components, data – what the programme knows – and behaviour – what the programme can do with that data. So object-oriented programming states that combining data and related behaviours in one place, is called “object”, which makes it easier to understand how a particular program works. On the other hand, functional programming argues that data and behaviour are different things and should be separated to ensure their clarity.”
 
Scilla is on the functional side and shares similarities with OCaml: > OCaml is a general purpose programming language with an emphasis on expressiveness and safety. It has an advanced type system that helps catch your mistakes without getting in your way. It's used in environments where a single mistake can cost millions and speed matters, is supported by an active community, and has a rich set of libraries and development tools. For all its power, OCaml is also pretty simple, which is one reason it's often used as a teaching language.
 
Scilla is blockchain agnostic, can be implemented onto other blockchains as well, is recognised by academics and won a so called Distinguished Artifact Award award at the end of last year.
 
One of the reasons why the Zilliqa team decided to create their own programming language focused on preventing smart contract vulnerabilities safety is that adding logic on a blockchain, programming, means that you cannot afford to make mistakes. Otherwise it could cost you. It’s all great and fun blockchains being immutable but updating your code because you found a bug isn’t the same as with a regular web application for example. And with smart contracts it inherently involves cryptocurrencies in some form thus value.
 
Another difference with programming languages on a blockchain is gas. Every transaction you do on a smart contract platform like Zilliqa for Ethereum costs gas. With gas you basically pay for computational costs. Sending a ZIL from address A to address B costs 0.001 ZIL currently. Smart contracts are more complex, often involve various functions and require more gas (if gas is a new concept click here ).
 
So with Scilla, similar to Solidity, you need to make sure that “every function in your smart contract will run as expected without hitting gas limits. An improper resource analysis may lead to situations where funds may get stuck simply because a part of the smart contract code cannot be executed due to gas limits. Such constraints are not present in traditional software systems”. Scilla design story part 1
 
Some examples of smart contract issues you’d want to avoid are: leaking funds, ‘unexpected changes to critical state variables’ (example: someone other than you setting his or her address as the owner of the smart contract after creation) or simply killing a contract.
 
Scilla also allows for formal verification. Wikipedia to the rescue:
In the context of hardware and software systems, formal verification is the act of proving or disproving the correctness of intended algorithms underlying a system with respect to a certain formal specification or property, using formal methods of mathematics.
 
Formal verification can be helpful in proving the correctness of systems such as: cryptographic protocols, combinational circuits, digital circuits with internal memory, and software expressed as source code.
 
Scilla is being developed hand-in-hand with formalization of its semantics and its embedding into the Coq proof assistant — a state-of-the art tool for mechanized proofs about properties of programs.”
 
Simply put, with Scilla and accompanying tooling developers can be mathematically sure and proof that the smart contract they’ve written does what he or she intends it to do.
 
Smart contract on a sharded environment and state sharding
 
There is one more topic I’d like to touch on: smart contract execution in a sharded environment (and what is the effect of state sharding). This is a complex topic. I’m not able to explain it any easier than what is posted here. But I will try to compress the post into something easy to digest.
 
Earlier on we have established that Zilliqa can process transactions in parallel due to network sharding. This is where the linear scalability comes from. We can define simple transactions: a transaction from address A to B (Category 1), a transaction where a user interacts with one smart contract (Category 2) and the most complex ones where triggering a transaction results in multiple smart contracts being involved (Category 3). The shards are able to process transactions on their own without interference of the other shards. With Category 1 transactions that is doable, with Category 2 transactions sometimes if that address is in the same shard as the smart contract but with Category 3 you definitely need communication between the shards. Solving that requires to make a set of communication rules the protocol needs to follow in order to process all transactions in a generalised fashion.
 
And this is where the downsides of state sharding comes in currently. All shards in Zilliqa have access to the complete state. Yes the state size (0.1 GB at the moment) grows and all of the nodes need to store it but it also means that they don’t need to shop around for information available on other shards. Requiring more communication and adding more complexity. Computer science knowledge and/or developer knowledge required links if you want to dig further: Scilla - language grammar Scilla - Foundations for Verifiable Decentralised Computations on a Blockchain Gas Accounting NUS x Zilliqa: Smart contract language workshop
 
Easier to follow links on programming Scilla https://learnscilla.com/home Ivan on Tech
 
Roadmap / Zilliqa 2.0
 
There is no strict defined roadmap but here are topics being worked on. And via the Zilliqa website there is also more information on the projects they are working on.
 
Business & Partnerships  
It’s not only technology in which Zilliqa seems to be excelling as their ecosystem has been expanding and starting to grow rapidly. The project is on a mission to provide OpenFinance (OpFi) to the world and Singapore is the right place to be due to its progressive regulations and futuristic thinking. Singapore has taken a proactive approach towards cryptocurrencies by introducing the Payment Services Act 2019 (PS Act). Among other things, the PS Act will regulate intermediaries dealing with certain cryptocurrencies, with a particular focus on consumer protection and anti-money laundering. It will also provide a stable regulatory licensing and operating framework for cryptocurrency entities, effectively covering all crypto businesses and exchanges based in Singapore. According to PWC 82% of the surveyed executives in Singapore reported blockchain initiatives underway and 13% of them have already brought the initiatives live to the market. There is also an increasing list of organisations that are starting to provide digital payment services. Moreover, Singaporean blockchain developers Building Cities Beyond has recently created an innovation $15 million grant to encourage development on its ecosystem. This all suggest that Singapore tries to position itself as (one of) the leading blockchain hubs in the world.
 
Zilliqa seems to already taking advantage of this and recently helped launch Hg Exchange on their platform, together with financial institutions PhillipCapital, PrimePartners and Fundnel. Hg Exchange, which is now approved by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS), uses smart contracts to represent digital assets. Through Hg Exchange financial institutions worldwide can use Zilliqa's safe-by-design smart contracts to enable the trading of private equities. For example, think of companies such as Grab, AirBnB, SpaceX that are not available for public trading right now. Hg Exchange will allow investors to buy shares of private companies & unicorns and capture their value before an IPO. Anquan, the main company behind Zilliqa, has also recently announced that they became a partner and shareholder in TEN31 Bank, which is a fully regulated bank allowing for tokenization of assets and is aiming to bridge the gap between conventional banking and the blockchain world. If STOs, the tokenization of assets, and equity trading will continue to increase, then Zilliqa’s public blockchain would be the ideal candidate due to its strategic positioning, partnerships, regulatory compliance and the technology that is being built on top of it.
 
What is also very encouraging is their focus on banking the un(der)banked. They are launching a stablecoin basket starting with XSGD. As many of you know, stablecoins are currently mostly used for trading. However, Zilliqa is actively trying to broaden the use case of stablecoins. I recommend everybody to read this text that Amrit Kumar wrote (one of the co-founders). These stablecoins will be integrated in the traditional markets and bridge the gap between the crypto world and the traditional world. This could potentially revolutionize and legitimise the crypto space if retailers and companies will for example start to use stablecoins for payments or remittances, instead of it solely being used for trading.
 
Zilliqa also released their DeFi strategic roadmap (dating November 2019) which seems to be aligning well with their OpFi strategy. A non-custodial DEX is coming to Zilliqa made by Switcheo which allows cross-chain trading (atomic swaps) between ETH, EOS and ZIL based tokens. They also signed a Memorandum of Understanding for a (soon to be announced) USD stablecoin. And as Zilliqa is all about regulations and being compliant, I’m speculating on it to be a regulated USD stablecoin. Furthermore, XSGD is already created and visible on block explorer and XIDR (Indonesian Stablecoin) is also coming soon via StraitsX. Here also an overview of the Tech Stack for Financial Applications from September 2019. Further quoting Amrit Kumar on this:
 
There are two basic building blocks in DeFi/OpFi though: 1) stablecoins as you need a non-volatile currency to get access to this market and 2) a dex to be able to trade all these financial assets. The rest are build on top of these blocks.
 
So far, together with our partners and community, we have worked on developing these building blocks with XSGD as a stablecoin. We are working on bringing a USD-backed stablecoin as well. We will soon have a decentralised exchange developed by Switcheo. And with HGX going live, we are also venturing into the tokenization space. More to come in the future.”*
 
Additionally, they also have this ZILHive initiative that injects capital into projects. There have been already 6 waves of various teams working on infrastructure, innovation and research, and they are not from ASEAN or Singapore only but global: see Grantees breakdown by country. Over 60 project teams from over 20 countries have contributed to Zilliqa's ecosystem. This includes individuals and teams developing wallets, explorers, developer toolkits, smart contract testing frameworks, dapps, etc. As some of you may know, Unstoppable Domains (UD) blew up when they launched on Zilliqa. UD aims to replace cryptocurrency addresses with a human readable name and allows for uncensorable websites. Zilliqa will probably be the only one able to handle all these transactions onchain due to ability to scale and its resulting low fees which is why the UD team launched this on Zilliqa in the first place. Furthermore, Zilliqa also has a strong emphasis on security, compliance, and privacy, which is why they partnered with companies like Elliptic, ChainSecurity (part of PwC Switzerland), and Incognito. Their sister company Aqilliz (Zilliqa spelled backwards) focuses on revolutionizing the digital advertising space and is doing interesting things like using Zilliqa to track outdoor digital ads with companies like Foodpanda.
 
Zilliqa is listed on nearly all major exchanges, having several different fiat-gateways and recently have been added to Binance’s margin trading and futures trading with really good volume. They also have a very impressive team with good credentials and experience. They dont just have “tech people”. They have a mix of tech people, business people, marketeers, scientists, and more. Naturally, it's good to have a mix of people with different skill sets if you work in the crypto space.
 
Marketing & Community
 
Zilliqa has a very strong community. If you just follow their Twitter their engagement is much higher for a coin that has approximately 80k followers. They also have been ‘coin of the day’ by LunarCrush many times. LunarCrush tracks real-time cryptocurrency value and social data. According to their data it seems Zilliqa has a more fundamental and deeper understanding of marketing and community engagement than almost all other coins. While almost all coins have been a bit frozen in the last months, Zilliqa seems to be on its own bull run. It was somewhere in the 100s a few months ago and is currently ranked #46 on CoinGecko. Their official Telegram also has over 20k people and is very active, and their community channel which is over 7k now is more active and larger than many other official channels. Their local communities) also seem to be growing.
 
Moreover, their community started ‘Zillacracy’ together with the Zilliqa core team ( see www.zillacracy.com ). It’s a community run initiative where people from all over the world are now helping with marketing and development on Zilliqa. Since its launch in February 2020 they have been doing a lot and will also run their own non custodial seed node for staking. This seed node will also allow them to start generating revenue for them to become a self sustaining entity that could potentially scale up to become a decentralized company working in parallel with the Zilliqa core team. Comparing it to all the other smart contract platforms (e.g. Cardano, EOS, Tezos etc.) they don't seem to have started a similar initiatives (correct me if I’m wrong though). This suggest in my opinion that these other smart contract platforms do not fully understand how to utilize the ‘power of the community’. This is something you cannot ‘buy with money’ and gives many projects in the space a disadvantage.
 
Zilliqa also released two social products called SocialPay and Zeeves. SocialPay allows users to earn ZILs while tweeting with a specific hashtag. They have recently used it in partnership with the Singapore Red Cross for a marketing campaign after their initial pilot program. It seems like a very valuable social product with a good use case. I can see a lot of traditional companies entering the space through this product, which they seem to suggest will happen. Tokenizing hashtags with smart contracts to get network effect is a very smart and innovative idea.
 
Regarding Zeeves, this is a tipping bot for Telegram. They already have 1000s of signups and they plan to keep upgrading it for more and more people to use it (e.g. they recently have added a quiz features). They also use it during AMAs to reward people in real time. It’s a very smart approach to grow their communities and get familiar with ZIL. I can see this becoming very big on Telegram. This tool suggests, again, that the Zilliqa team has a deeper understanding what the crypto space and community needs and is good at finding the right innovative tools to grow and scale.
 
To be honest, I haven’t covered everything (i’m also reaching the character limited haha). So many updates happening lately that it's hard to keep up, such as the International Monetary Fund mentioning Zilliqa in their report, custodial and non-custodial Staking, Binance Margin, Futures & Widget, entering the Indian market, and more. The Head of Marketing Colin Miles has also released this as an overview of what is coming next. And last but not least, Vitalik Buterin has been mentioning Zilliqa lately acknowledging Zilliqa and mentioning that both projects have a lot of room to grow. There is much more info of course and a good part of it has been served to you on a silver platter. I invite you to continue researching by yourself :-) And if you have any comments or questions please post here!
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