Margin.de Review

Leonardo Margin Trading - Any Experiences? /r/Bitcoin

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The Mystery Millionaire Who Haunted London’s Insider-Trading Trial

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/features/2019-07-03/the-mystery-millionaire-who-haunted-london-s-insider-trading-trial July 2, 2019, 9:01 PM PDT
When Alshair Fiyaz, a wealthy businessman with a shaggy mane of hair, walked into the garden of London’s Four Seasons Hotel on a pleasant June evening five years ago, he had no idea he was being followed. He was there to meet Walid Choucair, a trader wearing a hoodie who collected “Star Wars” memorabilia and expensive guitars. Neither one noticed an officer from the National Crime Agency stick a recording device in the greenery.

The investigator was tracking Fiyaz in connection with an insider-trading probe being conducted by the NCA, the U.K. equivalent of the FBI. Choucair wasn’t a suspect, and the officer didn’t know who he was before planting the bug. But after the meeting, the officer followed Choucair to an apartment near the Royal Albert Hall on the edge of Hyde Park.

That fateful encounter at the Four Seasons, recounted in court, would turn Choucair, whose life was an adrenaline-charged chase for information about big deals, into Europe’s most high-profile insider-trading defendant. And his two trials—the first ended last year in a hung jury, the second with a conviction last week—opened a window on a loose network of traders from London to Dubai as well as a multinational investigation into suspected insider trading.

Fiyaz’s name, and details of the Four Seasons meeting, came up frequently at the trials. Choucair said he often discussed trades with Fiyaz, who was so successful he’d bought an 86-meter yacht and a polo club. The two had partied at Tramp, a London club frequented by rock stars and royals, where they spent thousands of dollars on three-liter bottles of Cristal. Financial institutions alerted U.K. regulators about Fiyaz’s trading 71 times in 2013 and 2014, Choucair’s lawyer told the court, citing information from the regulator. Yet Fiyaz wasn’t in the dock. He’s never been charged with a crime and denies any wrongdoing.

But evidence, testimony and legal filings from Choucair’s trials, as well as interviews with traders, their friends, lawyers and people close to the investigation suggest Fiyaz may have been part of a network that cultivated ties to bankers, shared tips via burner phones to avoid detection, fed information to journalists and often secretly monitored each other’s trades. Using their own money or funds from wealthy associates, they made tens of millions of dollars betting on stocks just before a news splash popped the share price. In 2014, the core group of about a dozen traders made more than $100 million, a figure arrived at by adding up figures in legal filings and conversations with traders.

Regulators in France and the U.K., where abnormal trading occurs ahead of more than one in five takeovers, spotted the uncanny timing of transactions by Fiyaz, Choucair and others. In addition to Choucair and Fabiana Abdel-Malek, a UBS Group AG compliance officer convicted at the same trial of providing him with information from a confidential bank database, seven men, including Geneva-based trader Alexis Kuperfis and former Societe Generale SA banker Stephane Fima, have been charged with insider trading in France. All have contested the charges. Another trader was arrested in Serbia in November on a U.S. warrant that alleged he committed securities fraud and was extradited in May, Serbian court officials confirmed. U.S. prosecutors are working with European counterparts on their own probe, Bloomberg News reported last month.

A spokeswoman for Fiyaz said in an email that he has “never been questioned, charged or convicted of insider trading or financial misconduct of any kind in the U.K. or any jurisdiction.” She said the suspicious activity reports related to only 27 trades and were triggered because financial institutions are required to flag transactions when a trader makes more than 10,000 pounds ($13,000) a day, and that Fiyaz hasn’t been the subject of any adverse regulatory findings. Loic Henriot, a lawyer for Kuperfis, said his client has never been part of a network of traders exchanging information. David-Olivier Kaminski, an attorney for Fima, said his client has nothing to do with the investigations that led to Choucair’s conviction.

Choucair, now 40, testified at his trial about his first conversation with Fiyaz, six years his senior, at a pricey Chinese restaurant in London around 2005. They had seen each other at Tramp, where Choucair, the son of a Lebanese construction executive, was a member. Fiyaz and his brother Javed started showing up that year, according to two people familiar with the club scene. They would arrive in separate Rolls-Royces, descend the stairs, pass the red-neon Let’s Get Tramped sign and set up camp in a corner, surrounded by a clutch of women. Choucair would spend thousands of dollars in that den two or three times a month. Whenever he ordered a $4,000 bottle of Champagne, the staff would play the “Star Wars” theme music and announce “Lebanon is in the house,” according to people who’d been there with him.

Choucair was out with a friend who knew Fiyaz when they spotted each other at the Chinese restaurant. They got to talking. “We spent the whole night having drinks, which I was very good at, and having a conversation, which he was very good at,” Choucair would testify at his trial 14 years later, trying to explain that his stock tips were coming from traders like Fiyaz and Kuperfis and not from his friend at UBS.

Choucair had a privileged upbringing in London. He boarded at Mill Hill, a 212-year-old school set on 150 acres of lush parkland. But it was something more avant-garde that first got his heart racing as a young boy. Watching TV one day, he saw Guns N’ Roses’ wild-haired guitarist Slash tear through a solo and decided he, too, wanted to be a guitar hero. When he was 18, his father died and he inherited a fortune. He spent the next years in a blur of benders, and, in his sober moments, completed a business degree at King’s College London, he said at his trial. He bought an Aston Martin, started collecting guitars and filled his apartment with life-size figures from his other boyhood obsession, “Star Wars.”

Fiyaz was raised with his brother in Belgium, where their father, a Pakistani businessman, had settled. They got started at the family company and made their money from shipping and investments ranging from Nigerian oil blocks to Danish department stores and a chocolatier, according to people who’ve met them and information on their websites. But they also attracted the attention of Belgian police, who suspected them of carrying out a scheme to avoid paying value-added taxes, two people familiar with the matter say. The investigation was closed after Fiyaz and his brother agreed to a settlement including a seven-figure payment, one of the people said. Neither was charged, and there was no admission of wrongdoing. Fiyaz’s spokeswoman said the dispute was over whether sales by his company were exempt.

By the mid-2000s, the brothers had moved to London, where they caused a stir in the Mayfair social scene. Alshair, the younger and more athletic of the two, was permanently dressed to go out. He and Javed faced each other across a pair of imposing desks in an office behind the Dorchester Hotel, where they ran their shipping business. They told people they were looking for fresh investment opportunities.

When Choucair saw Fiyaz’s trading setup, he testified, he was intrigued and wanted in. He said that Fiyaz and Kuperfis, nicknamed the Cowboy because he hit the mark so often, showed him how to competitively trade contracts for difference, or CFDs, derivatives that allow a person to bet on a company’s stock without owning shares. It’s a way of trading on margin. With a relatively small down payment, profits and losses can exceed those when buying shares. Many countries have restricted their sale because retail investors can underestimate the risks and incur outsize losses.

Choucair and his associates were a paradoxical bunch. They relied on each other for tip-offs but were suspicious that others were spying on them. Fiyaz accused his brokers of telling people about his positions in the market, according to four of the traders. Some accused him of scoping out their trading positions. Discretion was paramount, and that included using untraceable communications, Choucair testified. Choucair soon had four handsets with unregistered SIM cards for the traders he was talking to. Fiyaz insisted he keep a line dedicated to him, Choucair said in court. Every few months, the traders replaced their SIM cards, and, often, their devices. Fiyaz’s spokeswoman declined to comment on the specifics of Choucair’s testimony but said the jury that convicted him had found it to be untruthful.

In 2011, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission froze assets belonging to Fiyaz and another trader, saying they were suspected of making millions of dollars with the help of inside information on trades related to Lonza Group AG’s $1.2 billion acquisition of Arch Chemicals Inc., which Fiyaz benefited from. Authorities dropped the case the next year because of a lack of evidence, and Fiyaz wasn’t accused of insider trading. Investigators lamented that the other trader had harmed the probe by discarding a BlackBerry that SEC lawyers believed contained text messages about his activity, according to U.S. court filings.

In Choucair’s case, the Financial Conduct Authority, which led the probe, was convinced it had found his insider. Choucair met Abdel-Malek through their mothers. Choucair’s had asked Abdel-Malek’s to make curtains for the tall windows in her son's apartment. They hit it off and introduced the two children to each other. Abdel-Malek, the oldest of three daughters of religious Coptic Christians from Egypt, was kept on a tight leash, even when she got a position at UBS in London in 2007. By early 2013, Abdel-Malek was a relatively experienced compliance officer at a newly restructured division of the bank. She could look at any deal in which UBS was involved.

She had little contact with Choucair for years. But that spring they reconnected, and he invited her and a friend to Tramp to celebrate his birthday, she testified in court. He spent 10,000 pounds that night on Champagne, vodka and club sandwiches, it came out in court, and the party lasted until 3 a.m. Their friendship developed, though both said the relationship wasn’t romantic. Later that spring, he bought her a BlackBerry identical to her work model with a disposable SIM card.

Prosecutors had company database records showing Abdel-Malek was trawling for deals. She testified that she did this to improve her deals literacy, something her managers had asked her to do. Over the next year, prosecutors said, there were about 30 transactions she kept coming back to, telling Choucair when something was imminent, though the pair were only charged in connection with five of them. When prosecutors presented a motive to the jury, they said the glamour of going to Tramp was enough.

Meanwhile, the wider group of traders kept nailing stock picks before news of pending mergers broke. Fiyaz and Kuperfis made about 55 million euros ($62 million) combined trading ahead of the announcement of General Electric Co.’s 2014 deal to acquire most of Alstom SA, court records and people familiar with the matter said. Fiyaz’s spokeswoman said she was unwilling to comment on his trading earnings but denied any impropriety.

Over time, Fiyaz acquired a mansion on the outskirts of Paris, the Polo Club of St. Tropez and a yacht named Ecstasea with two helicopter landing pads that once belonged to Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich. While it’s unknown how much Fiyaz paid for the yacht, the previous owner bought it for 100 million euros in 2009, according to a U.K. court document. In 2016, Fiyaz hosted a party aboard Ecstasea for the benefit of the Leonardo DiCaprio Foundation, his spokeswoman said. She declined on privacy grounds to say how much he paid for the yacht.

But the suspected trading network was heading for trouble. Even before the GE-Alstom deal, a friend of another member of the group, a deals lawyer, was getting divorced. It got nasty, and the lawyer’s former brother-in-law wrote a letter to French investigators saying he’d overheard him exchanging tips with a trader, according to people familiar with the information.

Investigators had already dedicated resources to cracking down on insider trading, spurred in part by the French government’s anger that information about the GE-Alstom deal was leaked to the press. The regulators built up phone records connecting the group, the people familiar with the matter said. They secured wiretaps, including for the burner phone of a hair salon owner at one of Paris’s most exclusive hotels, whom they suspected of being a go-between, according to French investigative documents. The trail led to French ski resorts, the Cayman Islands, Geneva and eventually to the garden of London’s Four Seasons Hotel.

A transcript of the recording made at the Four Seasons and shown to the jury at Choucair’s trial revealed he was talking to someone on the phone about a deal for a U.S. energy company. Choucair testified that the person was Jeffrey McCracken, at the time head of deals coverage at Bloomberg News.

Choucair said he often spoke to reporters, sometimes at the behest of other traders, in the hope they would confirm his tips and publish an article that would cause the share price to spike. That day, Choucair testified in the second trial, Fiyaz had come to London to discuss the energy deal. McCracken, who left Bloomberg in 2017 to join CNBC and hasn’t been accused of any wrongdoing, declined to comment.

Bloomberg reporters regularly receive tips from people active in the market and were first to report on several deals mentioned in this article. The news organization’s policy is not to publish any information without confirming with people who have direct knowledge of the matter. The policy also prohibits telling sources when a story will be published.

Choucair seemed to know about the investigation before his arrest. In November 2014, he called Kuperfis to warn him. There’s a “big f--king investigation,” he blurted out in a conversation recorded by French investigators and played at Choucair’s trial. Within weeks, Kuperfis and two others were raided in France and Geneva. Kuperfis has been charged with insider trading in France in connection with his trading ahead of chemical producer Air Liquide SA’s $10 billion takeover of Airgas Inc., but he has challenged the legality of the wiretaps, and the case hasn’t come to trial. His lawyer said he couldn’t comment on the case other than to say the charges are unfounded.

Choucair’s lawyers said in court that his client knew about the probe because he was told by Fiyaz, who, the lawyer recounted, had claimed he had gotten the information from a National Crime Agency interpreter, according to the judge's summary of the allegations, which weren’t shared with the jury. Before his arrest, Choucair had written a letter that he hid under a rug in his apartment and that was discovered by investigators, according to the judge’s summary. In it, the summary said, he described what Fiyaz had told him about his NCA sources. The NCA said in December that it’s investigating the matter. Fiyaz’s spokeswoman said he has never had any relationship with investigators at the NCA or other regulatory agencies.

Choucair had his apartment swept for bugs, one person familiar with the matter said, though none were found. He called the FCA, his lawyer said in court. Then, at 6:30 a.m. one morning in September 2015, there was a knock on the door. About a dozen NCA officers had come to arrest him for insider trading. “I knew you were coming,” Choucair said, according to an account his lawyer gave in court.

Across the street, they searched his mother’s house. A few miles away, Abdel-Malek’s sister woke her in her bedroom on the top floor of their family home. Two NCA officers were there to arrest her. They found a printout of price-sensitive information in a Chanel handbag and, according to people with knowledge of the matter, a new 30,000-pound Rolex, worth more than a quarter of her annual salary, along with a receipt. The jury wasn’t told about the watch.

A few months after his release, Choucair was called back to the police station. Two FCA investigators sat opposite him in a small featureless room. They kept asking him about Fiyaz, Kuperfis and others, Choucair’s lawyer said in court. Choucair kept quiet.

During the first trial last fall, Abdel-Malek’s white-haired father sat in the gallery with clenched teeth, clutching a wooden cross and family photographs. Prosecutors couldn’t point to any payments she received, and Choucair was convincing on the witness stand. His lawyer told the jury that Fiyaz and other traders were just as likely a source of information for Choucair as Abdel-Malek. After all, they had bet far more heavily on the very same trades, and Choucair had been in frequent contact with them beforehand.

In December, a few days before the end of the first trial, Choucair returned to Tramp. He was playing guitar with his band White Collar. The room was dark, and Choucair, wearing a hoodie and Converse sneakers, lingered in the background, barely moving to the music. The other four band members, wearing leather, tattoos and eye-liner, filled the tiny stage. Then Choucair stepped forward to sing Bon Jovi’s It’s My Life. By the time the group was on to Guns N’ Roses’ Sweet Child O’ Mine, the electric bass player was pulling his shirt off and climbing onto the drum kit below a chandelier. One band member grabbed the microphone and egged the crowd on. “This might be our last gig,” he said, without explaining that the man who was bankrolling the group might go to jail.

It wasn’t Choucair’s last gig. The jury was unable to come to a verdict. At the second trial this year, Fiyaz involved himself more in the proceedings. At times, he had as many as five lawyers in the courtroom. One was a defense counsel who told the judge that Choucair had falsely accused Fiyaz of wrongdoing. “These are very serious allegations which are made against my client,” the lawyer said. “These are allegations which he denies. He’s never been arrested or charged in relation to any of these matters. The FCA has never cautioned him or even invited him in in relation to any of these matters. He is a man of previous good character.”

Then, just before Choucair was cross-examined, the FCA told the jury it had received information that Fiyaz, via an intermediary, had an insider at Citigroup Inc. The agency said it didn’t have time to investigate if any confidential information had been passed to Fiyaz. Last week, the Wall Street Journal reported additional details about the alleged intermediary. A Citigroup spokeswoman declined to comment. Fiyaz “vehemently denies” that he traded on inside information obtained from Citigroup or any other financial institution, his spokeswoman said.

This time the Fiyaz-was-my-tipster defense didn’t work. Choucair and Abdel-Malek were both convicted on all five counts and sentenced to three years in prison. Both plan to appeal.

Fiyaz wasn’t in court during the eight-week trial, or for the verdict. Traders and lawyers weren’t sure where he was. One said Argentina. Another said he’d been seen at an Alpine ski chalet. In May, Fiyaz’s name appeared on the roster of a polo team contesting the Sun Trophy at his club in France, which once paraded scantily clad models and white Bentleys in front of guests. (Fiyaz’s spokeswoman said he wasn’t involved in the day-to-day operations of the club and doesn’t condone the objectification of women.)

But on an uncharacteristically rainy Sunday, there was no sign of Fiyaz on or off the polo pitch tucked away in a forest about 20 minutes west of St. Tropez by car. In the members’ section, a dozen spectators sitting in wicker armchairs, sheltered by awnings, braved the bad weather to watch Fiyaz’s team take a 5-2 drubbing. When asked after the match why Fiyaz had been replaced by another player, a worker at the club said he had been ordered not to talk. The reason, his spokeswoman said a few weeks later, was that it happened to fall during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan and Fiyaz was fasting.

— With assistance by Gordana Filipovic and Alan Katz
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[Guide] So you want to build a German team: Midfield

In my previous guide to having a German national team, I talked about the frankly disappointing attacking options available to you and how you have to put up with those options for the German midfield. And here it is in all its glory, the reason to play a German team. You can find players at each position to suit whatever play style you want at a high level and some of them are good enough to play beyond the niche of a national team like Toni Kroos and Marco Reus. As mentioned in the last guide, your choices here should reflect what attackers you are playing.
For instance, if you’re just playing one or two attackers, then you should look at having LM and RM or CAMs so that you can still have scoring threats. Or if you chose someone like Selke to play mostly on headers and in the box, then you should find players with high crossing and passing as well as speed to draw off defenders and give your finishers the openings they can’t make for themselves. The German teams play from the midfield more than most teams, and can give you whatever kind of game play you’re after.

LM:

Best Overall: CL 85 Marco Reus Best all around LM available to you, Reus can do all that you want from a LM (except play defense). Quick speed with high agility, can pass and cross in on a dime, score from crazy angles, and has a 4 star weak foot with roulette. However, this is not the best version of Reus (this will be a running theme with his cards) and so I wouldn’t personally run him. However if you’re strapped for coins and need a LM, you cannot do better for a German team. Reus also has a hidden advantage in that his free kicking and penalties are fairly high and he delivers relatively accurate corner kicks.
Mini-Reus: EL Julian Brandt Very similar to the CL Reus card. A little bit faster, a little bit taller, and has some advantages in agility. Also has the same 4 star weak foot and roulette. However his shooting is worse and his ability to score with lower curve and shooting stats across the board. And Reus cannot play effective defense, Brandt really can’t. Like all of his cards, he may as well not be on the pitch for defense. Still, a solid attacking player and a card used mostly to set up chances for other players by stretching the pitch and crossing in.
Scoring Option: Scouting Andre Schurrle The main strength of Schurrle’s card is his shooting and 4 star weak foot, he brings forward level shooting from the wing and has the speed and agility to get into position to make the shots. His passing is good but not elite. Main downside is his heel to heel skill move which is very hard to control up the wing. A LM that you play to score not to primarily distribute the ball for players in the middle.
Agility Option: Freeze Leonardo Bittencourt Somewhere in between Reus and Schurrle. Has top end speed, roulette, and a 4 star weak foot but not Schurrle level shooting or Reus’ ball distribution skills. But has roulette and elite dribbling skills. More suited to coming up the left with speed and beating a defender with roulette and dribbling for a shorter pass into the box to a more consistent scorer. Note that he is very short at 5’6.
Scoring Option: CL Serge Gnabry Another fine card for Gnabry. Fast, agile, okay passing, great shooting. This version comes with ball control so you can try to out maneuver backs instead of running past them. Not my favorite version of the player, the RM is just so good you should play him if you’re utilizing left and right mids over this one.
Leroy Sane All Versions: Sane actually makes a very good LM along with a LW and all his cards have very high boosts at silver for the LM position, so you don’t lose much by playing him here. The main reason to do this is if you are playing a formation that doesn’t use a LW but still want to play Sane. He’s great here, depending on the version of the card you min/max speed or finishing or passing. Crimson of course is the best.

RM:

Shooting Option: TOTY Marco Reus Copy paste from the LM section, only difference is a slightly higher overall and the boost. He goes from Crossing on LM to Counter on RM. Legendary boosts are a little better with Carniball out, but still you’re likely never going to max this one out unless you have huge amounts of money to spend. You’re trading off passing from the LM version for some additional shooting and agility for the most part. Second best of the available RM, again though wouldn’t recommend playing it unless you don’t want the the 90 CAM Reus.
Scoring Option: Crimson Serge Gnabry The hands down best RM for Germany, and probably competitively viable. The speed boost combined with roulette, 4 star weak foot, and his naturally higher stats from the event makes him a true force up the wing. Like Schurrle, he is a RM that you play to have him score as he burns defenders and dribbles around them in the box not a card you rely on to deliver crosses. His shooting is much much better than the stats say probably because it’s so easy for him to get open and create shooting lanes. Despite his high overall, being the f2p LNY player that everyone got you can get him extremely cheap. Highly recommend if you’re playing RM’s.
Crossing otpion: Base Julian Brandt You start off with this card, and honestly it’s not bad as a passing RM with some speed. Not crazy stats, a little worse than his LM CL card but not by much. Does a lot of the same things and will provide an angle of attack that Gnabry doesn’t. Like if you have big heading finishers in the box a lot that you need to deliver the ball to.
Budget Balanced option: Scouting Karim Bellarabi Somewhere between Crimson Gnabry and Reus. Not quite as fast and agile as Gnabry, not quite as good passing or shooting as Reus. But great on the ball, fast, good shooting. Main downside in the 3 star weak foot. There’s also a longshots EL card that improves his shooting and passing but costs you a lot of mobility. Overall, very solid budget option off the RM and you won't be unhappy to play him.

CDM:

Best Overall: Flash Sale Emre Can The CDM for a German team, he’s basically another great CB running around in the midfield. Can’t tell you how many times he has turned attacks into counters by stripping the ball in H2H and making a huge pass down the field for a streaking forward for a score. Amazing defensive stats and a nose for the ball, and actually is fairly quick and agile for it too. Most CDM’s are relatively immobile, Can will track down attackers easily or divert them into a worse chance. He also has a surprisingly effective shot from range. Don’t expect him to be a force on offense though, his heel to heel isn’t great despite the 4 star weak foot. An odd downside, in VSA the AI has an annoying habit of starting Can with the ball way more often than some offensive players or CDM’s with identical overalls. He’s great but it can frustrating as he doesn’t have the offensive skills to create chances or score on his own too much.
Best Pure Defense: Scouting Sven Bender If you really really really need another CB in your line up or playing a hyper defensive style, then Bender is your man. He won’t score, he won’t be offensive force, but he will 100% play like a 3rd or 4th CB in the back of your squad. Some people like that in their line-ups, and that’s what Bender does. Think he’s more valuable as his actual CB card personally, but that’s up to you.
Balanced: PIG Julian Weigl I consider him mini-Can but with much better passing. Can’s offensive skills are mostly hitting semi-ridiculous shots from range, Weigl will steal the ball then make a crazy pass for a counter attack. And much much cheaper than Can who still goes for millions thanks to Juventus fans. Very balanced CDM and a great starter for players who are lacking coins to invest in Can.
Budget Option: EL Tolgay Arslan The hyper budget, icon tournament option. 4 star weak foot, heel to heel, and does everything decently well at 75. But once you level him up, Arslan is a beast. He’s faster than Can, has a marginally better shot, has great passing, good agility, very good defensive skills, and is strong. So what’s the downside? XP is a bottleneck, and his positioning stat is pretty low even at 100 so he will get caught out. He’s basically a CM with better defensive stats, which means he actually is a threat to score and get open especially in VSA. But at the price, hard to beat.
Rich Uncle Pennybag Option: CL 94 Toni Kroos The ultra, I have so many coins that they are not a factor in my decision option because he is crazy expensive still. Very very good at everything for CDM, only hole in his game is his speed, good not great marking, and lack of air skills. There’s not much else to say, he’s Toni Kroos and he’s great at being a CDM as always.

CM:

Passing and Defense Option: TOTY Toni Kroos This is my personal favorite Toni Kroos card and the one I play. This card has the highest overall speed of all 4, which makes him less embarrassing to be running around the field for you. 5 star weak foot, heel to heel is slow and clunky though and doesn’t do anything in the air. His real value though is his passing which is breathtaking and exactly what you’d want from Kroos, playing quarterback for your attack. Compared to his CDM card, the trade-off you’re making is some defensive skill for elite level passing. Just about everything else is the same except some higher speed and shooting stats. There’s also a hidden benefit to playing this Kroos, his free kicking and corners. He is amazing at them and puts corner kicks exactly where you click and scores easily on free kicks a lot of the time. He’s not an offensive force in the same way a Striker is, but he’s no less important. And will make you win VSA matches you had no business winning by making corners a reliable scoring threat and converting free kicks.
Balanced Option: Zodiac Leon Goretzka He slices, he dices, Zodiac Goretzka is the total CM package. The jack of all trades option in the midfield. Fast, agile, good shot, great passing, good defense, and physical with some skill in the air at 6’2. His only real downside is playing heel to heel and his merely good shooting. But not only is he extremely cheap since he was opened so heavily, he’s highly ranked at 88 making him a bargain that will outperform the coins by a wide margin. This card also has the hidden benefit of having boosts at each midfield position, and with his diverse skill set can be play any of them fairly well. His versatility have basically pushed many other CM’s out of my line up, including his other cards. Hard to beat.
Mini Toni Kroos: CL 85 Mario Gotze He’s like a baby Toni Kroos if you don’t have the coins. Similar deficiencies in speed and physicality that he makes up for with outstanding passing, vision, agility, and surprisingly good scoring. Plays some defense as well. Importantly though roulette with a 4 star weak foot and the finesse shot boost, meaning he’s a lot more dangerous in scoring situations than his stats say.
Wildly Overpriced: New Years Mahmoud Dahoud He’s only really on here because he is so highly rated at 90 overall and expensive, so you may be wondering if you should pick him up. If you like bowl cuts, he’s a solid option. Otherwise He’s basically Zodiac Goretzka with slightly better shooting and passing and roulette. Doesn’t play super impressively, just a solid all around CM. Honestly the best thing about this card may be the card art.
If you don't need defense option: TOTW 82 Julian Brandt Honestly, this is a great offensive CM card. Roulette, 4 star weak foot, fast, good shooting, very good agility stats. So what’s the problem? Like his LM and RM cards, Brandt is non-existent on defense. The main strength of the German midfield, the primary reason to play a German team, is because your midfielders are elite two way players who play amazing on attack and defense. This card seems like it should’ve been a CAM, at which point it’s great. But hard to overlook the offensive stats and budget option.
Balanced option: CL Julian Draxler Draxler is just a fantastic all around CM card. 5 star weak foot, roulette, finesse shot and play maker traits. He can score easily, play defense, pass all over the pitch, out speed other midfielders, is 6’1, and has moderate air skills. The only reason I wouldn’t recommend him, especially at his affordable prices, is that his CAM card is even better. This is very similar to Goretzka, and at times I have swapped them around because the roulette on Draxler is smooth. Can’t go wrong playing him in a German midfield. Although a sneaky downside, playing for PSG he will have very low chemistry ratings with the rest of your mostly EPL and Bundesliga squad.
Defensive Option: TOTW Emre Can A great, well balanced CM card that you can get cheap and upgrade. This Can takes on the Generalist trait, and has stats more balanced in general. Shooting is much improved along with agility and passing. This comes at the expense of his CDM’s main reason to play it though, defensive stats. He goes from a card that I wish was a CB at CDM and becomes just good at defense in this CM card. And it’s now that his heel to heel becomes more glaring because you will now count on him for scoring although with his increased agility it’s less clunky.
Long Shots for Days: LH Maximilian Arnold Unreleased as of writing this, although looking at the stats he looks like a different style of CM than we’ve looked at so far. Arnold looks like he will play best on the perimeter of an offense, taking booming shots after mugging opposing CM’s. Similar speed to Can, main skill is those long shots and passing into the box. 3 star weak foot and heel to heel are not particularly impressive. Doesn’t have the great passing of Kroos or Gotze, but better long range shooting than the rest.

CAM:

The GOAT: CL Marco Reus The absolute bees-knees, best CAM you can play and good enough for play outside the German theme. The shooting boost means that at max, Reus has 140-138-140 Finishing, shot power, and long shot stats. And his speed stats end up comparable to the best strikers we have available. Very agile and still has very good passing. No defensive stats to speak of, but they did add in some some strength on this version. Honestly, if he was an attacker he’d be the 2nd or 3rd best card available. Still fairly expensive, and unlikely to go down much. Worth it if you have the coins, will wish he has the ball at every possession.
Super Budget Option: TH/TOTW Marco Reus The super budget versions of the CL card, they’re exactly the same so choose the card art you want. If you have a CAM slot and you don’t have the coins for CL Reus, absolutely run this one. Don’t be scared off by the price, it’s just extreme supply from the Team Heroes event. He’s dynamite.
The GOAT's best friend: LH Thomas Muller UNLESS you happen to get the new League heroes Muller. The second best cam card, his shot power boost and boosted overall stats versus his CF cards are really great. He goes from a middling CF to a dominant scoring CAM with higher speed, elite shooting, actual air skills, high agility and ball control skills, and somehow got more passing skills. You could do much worse than this unreleased card and consider it just below the CL Reus card but not by much. Sadly he will be hampered by his heel to heel forever.
Balanced Option: CL Julian Draxler All the advantages of the CM Draxler at a more appropriate position. Unlike Reus, who is the best at all things CAM, Draxler has only very good shooting but makes up for it with his amazing ball control skills and still having some semblance of defensive skills. The roulette and 5 star weak foot still shine, and he will score much more often than his shooting stats would lead you to believe. And passing remains very good. If you can’t get Muller or CL Reus, your next best option.
Passing Option: PVP Mesut Ozil Like Dahoud, on this list for his high overall and price. His 2 star weak foot is not ideal, although he does have finesse shot and roulette. The main reason to play Ozil is for his elite passing. Has good speed, shooting, agility but offers nothing on defense and physicality. If that’s what you’re in the market for, Ozil is the best at CAM for it.
Passing and Defense: Flash Sale Leon Goretzka This version of Goretzka is an odd one. You’d think taking the jack of all trades CM version and making it a cam would improve all offensive stats like the CDM and CM Can cards. Instead, this is mostly a passing card. It lost some of the physicality and defense for elite level passing and a vision boost. Overall a more offensively orientated card, although suffers from the heel to heel more in this role and doesn’t have great scoring.
Shooting and Defense: TOTW Leon Goretzka Speaking of great scoring, this Goretzka is that card. Instead of passing being boosted, the Long shots version has great overall scoring with increased long shooting and finishing as well as ball control. The Flash Sale version is more suited to having better offensive threats to give the ball to, like Crimson Sane or Carniball Werner or CL Reus. This one is more of a scoring threat in of itself. Otherwise identical.

Take aways:

Again, the midfielders are far and away the strength of a German national team. Extremely customizable, multiple about equal great options at each position, and the vast majority have multiple strengths. When compared with the attackers, it is like going from starving to Thanksgiving dinner. There is one thing you really have to be aware of though, and it's a running problem. You can accidentally end up an attacking and midfield set up players who are mostly heel to heel. Kroos, Can, Goretzka, Muller, all great players with high cards who have heel to heel. So even if you want the absolute top of players at each position, this is really something to keep track of especially with with the more offensive players. Can cause you to lose VSA matches if you get a bad streak of heel to heel players taking chances.
A lot of my formation decisions come down to maximize how to get as many of these players into my line up as possible because, again, your attacking options are not great. Running 4 or 5 midfield spots is not uncommon. Or taking particular midfielders and moving them up to attacking roles, like CL 90 Reus playing at CF, LM and RM Reus at winger spots, or Crimson Gnabry playing RW. Even CL Draxler can make a fairly good CF or winger if you're trying to bring your overall down for the Icon Tournaments. In general, my set up is to run Zodiac Goretzka, TOTY Kroos, and TH Reus as my base three midfielders and then mix and match the rest to suit the attackers. A sturdy base with great offensive and defensive capabilities.
These positions are where you're spending the majority of your coins, and it shows when you play them. You can play any style through them, customize whatever kind of attacking or defensive formations you want, and be very happy you did so. Coincidentally, your midfield strength also makes a German team over-perform in H2H over a VSA team as many players will try to break through your wall of midfielders and find it very difficult to even get to your defenders and goalkeeper if you run even one CDM. And unlike the attackers, many of these players have high overalls to begin with so you don't need quite as much precious XP to make them playable.
Players to look forwards to being released are the rumored Lothar Matthaus and Michael Ballack icons cards we may be getting at some point during this Icon tournament. Based on their FIFA 19 cards, they appear to be CM's and would slot in for me over players like Goretzka and Kroos as foundations of the midfield. Matthaus probably to play a more defensive role, Ballack more a scorer. Fingers crossed they get released with Klose!
submitted by JoeMagician to FUTMobile [link] [comments]

Best Crypto Trading Bots 2019

Best Crypto Trading Bots 2019
WolfpackBOT - The World's Fastest Crypto Trading Bot

https://preview.redd.it/s5j8hgsgsi131.png?width=799&format=png&auto=webp&s=e0e5597fa32aa74f78fcfbb5cc08d143f8b8ca3b
There are basically two different ways you can make mazuma from digital currencies. You can purchase a couple of coins currently, hold them for an extensive period and offer them after the esteem has risen significantly or you can get started with exchanging digital forms of money, here once more, you can exchange physically or run with the best crypto exchanging bots. While holding cryptographic money for a more drawn out term has turned out to be fulfilling, it takes a bounty of time and tolerance for you to optically observe the estimation of your speculation increase.If you are somebody, who does not have the persistence to hang tight for so long, at that point digital currency trading provides you with the immaculate chance to make some mazuma. Numerous prosperous digital currency dealers do recommend you purchase low and sell high. In any case, this is easier verbalized than done.
Digital currencies have been cosmically unpredictable since the earliest reference point. They are the main tradable resources whose esteem shifts in twofold digit rates every day. The cost does not generally go up either. Along these lines, timing the market is the way to turning into a prosperous cryptographic money merchant.
Exchanging digital money isn't any advanced science. All you require is a record on a digital money trade and some cryptographic money in your wallet. This would have been the situation, had you started exchanging these computerized resources route in 2010.
Presently, on the off chance that you try to put in any limitation request on any famous cryptographic money trade, you will outwardly see another application set appropriate above you're, putting forth a superior arrangement. Hence, you are constrained to put orders at market esteem.
The way that a superior offer quickly negated your offer does not assign that somebody is continually crushing before the PC. You just set off crypto exchanging bot when you submitted your request. The best bitcoin exchanging bots have surmounted the whole cryptographic money exchanging biological system, and this is primarily because of the way that they are more effective than people, particularly when it comes down to exchanging.
Presently that you ken that bots have surmounted the crypto exchanging market, you more likely than not understood as of now that the chances of making mazuma when piled facing a great many bots are cosmically svelte.
You could ace all the distinctive specialized investigation strategies and exceed the bots. In any case, in addition to the fact that this is tedious withal very tedious. So instead of investing more energy finding out about the specialized investigation, you can set up the crypto exchanging bots all alone. By the end of this article, not exclusively will you ken probably the most profitably rewarding cryptographic money exchanging bots out there, yet moreover will be enabled with the intelligence of winnowing your very own exchanging bot later on.
Variables to Look for When Culling the Best Crypto Trading Bots
  1. Dependability
A standout amongst the most vital viewpoints to consider is the dependability of an exchanging bot. You would not operate to lose on a brilliant open door because your crypto bot went disconnected or stopped working for quite a while.
You may contend that there is no real way to make sure about the dependability of a specific exchanging bot. Notwithstanding, you aren't the just a single using a bot. Scan for what alternate clients who have used a particular bot need to verbally express about its consistent quality or basically allude to our rundown of the best bitcoin exchanging bots underneath.
  1. Security
With regards to cryptographic forms of money, you can't inculpate anybody yet yourself if there should be an occurrence of a hack. When you initiate using an exchanging bot, you are giving the bot access to your mazuma. This can be very jeopardous, particularly if the exchanging bot is beginning in the field.
There is no telling how secure a specific bot is. In this way, while separating an exchanging bot, complete quintessential research and winnow a bot that has been broadly extolled for its security.
  1. Productivity
Everything comes down to this fundamental part. Is the bot profitably worthwhile or not? An inquiry for which it is elusive an answer. The primary reason you chose to run with an exchanging bot is to benefit over its exchanging ability. There is no influential pertinence in using a bot that isn't profitably rewarding. In this way, discover the productivity of a bot up to you put both your time and mazuma into it.
  1. Straightforwardness
The fundamental motivation behind why digital currency rose to acclaim is that the entire system is plenarily straightforward. There is the wrong spot for any injustice. The equivalent ought average even from the exchanging bot that you choose to run with.
Attempt to winnow a bot whose engineers are unmistakable for their work in the network. Straightforwardness benefits to fabricate trust as well as also profits you to connect with the ideal individuals to adjust any issue.
  1. Simplicity of profit
The entire cogency of running with a robotized bitcoin exchanging is to make the whole procedure of transferring cryptographic forms of money simple for everybody. A bot which accompanies a simple to use interface is the one that is exceptionally well known. Having the capacity to control the bots with only a couple of snaps of the mouse is something you should pay individual mind to, in the bot that you choose to use.
Considering every one of the variables we have arranged a rundown of the best ten digital currency exchanging bots in 2019, the review will be unendingly refreshed with the goal that data remains apropos.
Top 10 Best Crypto Trading Bots in 2019
  1. Cryptohopper
This may be a new bot in the crypto exchanging market. In any case, this newcomer has figured out how to blow some people's minds because of the comprehensive exhibit of highlights that this bot gives. One of the defeats of most exchanging bots is that they kept running on your neighborhood machine. This betokens they run just when you have turned on your PC.
With the lift in enthusiasm for cloud-predicated advancements, Cryptohopper uses cloud innovation to keep the bot running day in and day out. By running the bot on a cloud, clients will most likely put in exchange requests notwithstanding amid the night. In this manner, no open door is missed.
Another critical reason that prompted the lift in the notoriety of Cryptohopper is its simplicity of usage, particularly for the tyro. The bot has incorporated with an outside exchanging signaller. This assigns anybody can initiate using this bot by running it on autopilot. This is a help to the nascent dealers, who need not stress over setting exchanging signals for their bot. The bot withal gives progressively experienced clients a chance to mess around and set their own exchanging signals. Along these lines, it is satisfying the desiderata of both. Aside from this, the bot is incidentally outfitted with highlights, for example, trailing stops, specialized examination, formats, and backtesting. Formats benefit you to design a nascent setting for your bot quickly, and specialized investigation sanctions you to redo and arrange your own settings.
Like every extraordinary thing, the crypto container comes with a sticker price fastened to it. The cost starts from $19 every month for the fundamental arrangement and goes up to $99 per month if you operate their most extravagant arrangement. When you buy into any of the organizations, you can start using the bot on prominent trades like Binance, Huboi, Kucoin, Bittrex, Coinbase, Poloniex, Kraken, Cryptopia, and Bitfinex. On the off chance that you are slanted to spend the additional buck on an exchanging bot, at that point Cryptohopper is an extraordinary separate.
  1. 3Commas
Even though 3Commas bot is nascent to the exchanging bot scene, it could give its clients huge increases, notwithstanding amid the crypto bear showcase.
The new element that dissevers this bot from other bots is its workforce to trail any crypto advertise. This authorizes the bot to close the exchange at the most profitably excellent position, yet the objective addition set by the utilizer had just been come to. This element benefits enormously amid the crypto bull run. Additionally, the bot adventitiously endorses clients to exchange numerous cryptographic forms of money simultaneously. In this manner, it is not passing up any great exchanging opportunity that goes along the way. The bot is set up on the cloud and is available through the site. This betokens the bot runs 24X7. The bot can be designed with Binance and Bittrex at this moment and increasingly legitimate trades, for example, BitFinex, Poloniex, KuCoin, and so forth will be coordinated anon.
The 3Commas comes with a sticker price appended to it. The starter plan will cost you $24, and the most luxurious genius pack would set you back by $82. On the off chance that you operate to give crypto bot exchanging a go, at that point, you could use the 3Commas starter plan and later peregrinate to the more rich schemes.
  1. Gunbot
This is another mainstream exchanging bot with more than 6000 dynamic merchants using its lodging on a quotidian substructure. Good with a few exchanging stages including Binance and GDAX, it very well may be kept running on your nearby PC. This can keep running on Windows, Linus, and the Mac stages, so running on your neighborhood machine would not be a bind.
The bot has 32 diverse pre-arranged exchanging systems which give clients a wide cluster of choices to induce some automated revenue. Among these techniques, the three most well-known ones are the Bollinger band, step addition, and ping pong. Numerous clients have detailed having made a bounty of benefits with the BB procedures. Gunbot isn't in freedom to use and accompanies a one-time level rate running from 0.1BTC to 0.3BTC, contingent upon the highlights that you would savor to optically observe in the bot. Aside from this, the bot supplementally comes as a Lite rendition that has encircled highlights yet can be habituated to test around with the lesser measure of mazuma.
The post-buy support given by the organization is truly surprising. Clients get their issues settled in less than multi-day. The main pickle with regards to this bot is that you ought to in every case reliably outwardly look at the present market state. If the instability of the crypto advertise is high, at that point you ought to most likely turn the bot off to shun any misfortune
  1. Gekko
This is the most diverse digital money exchanging bot in subsistence at present. For any individual who needs to gain proficiency with some things about exchanging bots and not spend any mazuma getting one, at that point Gekko is the bot for you. The Gekko trading bot is an open source bitcoin exchanging bot venture that is accessible for anybody to use for nothing. The way that it is in freedom to use is the fundamental purpose behind its wide prevalence. Like some other open-source ventures, Gekko is free of for all intents and purposes all bugs and even the ones the pop are fixed up at lightning speeds. The Gekko bot can collaborate with a few trades, including Bitfinex, Polonix, and BitStamp. The bot uses a web interface to associate with the clients and can keep running on a neighborhood machine with Windows, Linux, or the Mac OS.
The bot comes pre-designed with some exchanging system. You can initiate using the bot on autopilot as anon as you introduce and design it with a trade. In any case, if you would savor to use your very own exchanging system, the bot withal endorses you to design it to your savoring. While the present design is respectable for trying different things with the bot, there are a few other exchanging techniques accessible online that would benefit you make an all the more profitably worthwhile wager. The bot will withal send you a notice at whatever point it executes a specific exchange. This is finished by incorporating it with the Telegram envoy. Consequently, you will dependably ken how well your bot is performing.
The main drawback to the Gekko exchanging bot is that it isn't very utilizer-heartfelt. There are a few aides in the digital world that direct you through the underlying setup process. Be that as it may, this procedure isn't extremely direct and you would presumably hit a barricade at any rate once amid the underlying setup.
  1. Zenbot
Another allowed to use digital currency exchanging bot, Zenbot can be considered as a further developed form of the Gekko exchanging bot. Nonetheless, as Gekko has been around for a more extended time, it is all the more generally used. Much the same as Gekko, Zenbot programming can be downloaded from Github and introduced on your neighborhood PC. The product is perfect with Windows, Mac just as the Linux working frameworks. The bot comes pre-arranged with an entirely nice exchanging system. In any case, its real potential can be opened only when you initiate executing your exchanging order. The primary bind with the allowed to use bots is that they are frequently not very utilizer-genial. In any case, this isn't the situation with Zenbot. The entire setup process is extremely effortless, and you can have the bot fully operational in all respects speedily. The bot chips away at all prevalent trades, for example, Bitfinex, Poloniex, Bittrex, and so on.
As it is an open source venture, it is without now of a few bugs, and regardless of whether one springs up, it will be adjusted all around speedily. The Zenbot can effortlessly actualize with a few informing stages, for example, slack, Telegram, and so on to give you the updates of any exchange that was executed.
Adventitiously, the Zenbot withal braces high-recurrence exchanging. This is a component that outlined the personnel of the Gekko bot. The Zenbot is being refreshed, and more highlights are being incorporated traditionally. Hence, making it a bot for you to reliably outwardly analyze.
  1. WolfpackBOT: WolfpackBOT is a cryptographic money exchanging programming application that has been created with the most developed highlights of any robotized exchanging programming of its sort. The WolfpackBOT has been intended to execute exchanging directions with the usage of restrictive numerical calculations, and specialized investigation bespeakers predicated on the client's predefined assignments.
The cryptographic money advertise as of now bearish, and many exchanging bots easily miss the scarcest vacillations. WolfpackBOT has been built to execute trading directions at a lightning speed and is fit for making up to a large number of exchanges every day, relying upon the states of the market.
WolfpackBOT is among the few cryptographic money exchanging bots that give crypto aficionados full self-governance, security, and control of their exchanging bot and its related API keys. A large portion of the crypto trading bots out there are cloud-predicated stages that are constrained by outsider frameworks. While these stages guarantee dealers of outright wellbeing and security, insightful brokers ken that in the crypto space, outsider frameworks like trades and other cloud-predicated steps are hacked proximately consistently. Since WolfpackBOT programming and your related API keys are put away individually PC or devoted VPS, WolfpackBOT can sidestep a significant number of the security issues related to cloud-predicated frameworks.
WolfpackBOT has been created for the whole crypto network, from experienced merchants to novices, with three in all respects reasonably valued membership levels. WolfpackBOT accompanies a few membership bundles that authorize clients to exchange with a wide scope of chances predicated on their favored membership.
  1. CryptoTrader
cryptotrader_reviewAlmost all digital money merchants would have aurally seen about the crypto dealer exchanging bot. The across the board fame of this bot is because it was one of the absolute first bots to be kept running on the cloud and accessible to the clients day in and day out.
The crypto broker bot is plenarily web-predicated and in this manner, open from anyplace you can associate with the digital world. The bot can be easily designed with a few well-known trades, for example, Poloniex, Bittrex, Kraken, and so on. This bot does not come for nothing out of pocket. You can operate from the few organizations accessible. The valuing initiates with 0.003BTC every month for the most simple arrangement and this goes up to 0.0472 BTC every month for their excellent arrangement.
While all plans do offer clients support for programmed exchanging, the early highlights and as far as possible for the more indulgent plans is higher than that given the basic arrangement. Any early component that is caused is most readily accessible on the higher bundle designs and are later accessible on the basic plans. On the off chance that you would simply savor to exchange on a solitary trade and with exceptionally delineated mazuma, at that point the basic arrangement will get the job done. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you are outwardly looking at the higher volume of exchanges, at that point run with the higher bundle.
This bot additionally sustains algorithmic exchanging. In this manner, I am making it effortless for clients to execute their very own arrangements. The bot can be effortlessly modified. In this manner, I am making it a broadly utilized cryptographic money exchanging bot.
  1. Bitcoin Robot
btcrobotWe simply needed to incorporate the pioneer of digital currency exchanging bots on our rundown of the best crypto exchanging bots. The Bitcoin robot started as a Bitcoin exchanging bot. In any case, it can now withal be designed to exchange different digital currencies, for example, Ethereum and Litecoin. The bot is accessible as a product and should be downloaded and keep running on your neighborhood machine. This betokens the exchanges will be executed just as long as you keep your PC turned on. The bot can effortlessly work with a few digital money trades and is by and large broadly utilized even today. The bot isn't accessible free of expense and costs you a premium. The cost of the bot ranges from $19.99 every month for the principal plan. In any case, clients usually buy the platinum plan that costs just $399 one time charge and offers utilizer unlimited access to every one of the highlights.
The benefits made by individuals using this bot verbalizes for itself. Supplementally, they do offer a 60-days mazuma back assurance. Along these lines, you should look at them once.
  1. USI Tech
This can't be considered as a bot. In any case, the USI tech BTC settlement promises mechanized benefits for your BTC speculations. The USI Tech was at first intended for Forex exchanging. In any case, after the raise of the ubiquity of Bitcoin, they additionally offer BTC bundles. Not at all like some other BTC exchanging bot where you require to give the API key of your trade account to execute exchanges, on USI Tech, you will require to winnow from among the few BTC master exchanges. At that point, you will begin accepting your segment of benefits at whatever point exchange is made.
The USI Tech stage basically ensures extraordinary comes back to your speculations. The entire procedure of purchasing your absolute first BTC bundle is withal simple and pellucidly elucidated on their site. You can explore different avenues regarding the benefits that you gain. In any case, the number of bundles you purchase, the more dominant will be your benefit
  1. Margin.De (Leonardo Bot)
Edge LeonardobotThis is a cryptographic money exchanging bot with the most utilizer-genial interface. The GUI of the bot is easy to use, and the highlights gave are extremely puissant. The bot was structured with two exchanging techniques ping pong and Margin exchanging actualized into it. In any case, you can withal modify it with your very own custom settings. This bot lays incredible complement on the visual parts of exchanging. The specialized examination done by the bot is immensely simple to break down. What more? The bot has an astonishing component called visual exchanging. This interface feels rich smooth to use and offers clients the most extreme authority over the exchanges.
The bot was at first evaluated at 0.5 BTC consistently. Notwithstanding, presently, it is accessible at a one-time cost extending from $89 to $1999 with the most elevated arrangement offering a bigger number of highlights than th
submitted by restpage123 to digitalseo [link] [comments]

Simple, cheap trading bot for crypto? Is Margin.de any good?

Hi.
I'm also looking for some bot for crypto trading. I've done my research, and mostly websites and forums reccomend bots like HaasBot, CryptoTrader, GunBot, CryptoHopper, ProfitTrailer, 3Commas (and some others)... There are 6-10 bot names, that they are repeating. But these are too expensive for me, as I'm rather playing with trading and learning all the stuff.
I don't invest large amount of money, so I'm looking for rather cheap bot. Basically, most of my needs is just Trailing Stop Loss and integrated charts for coin pairs. And Binance integration with optional Kraken and Bitstamp.
I know there's free Gekko bot (https://www.coinbureau.com/education/gekko-trading-bot/ | https://gekko.wizb.it/), but it seems rather complicated for me to set it up and then coding in order to develop & run some actions. For now, with my current "no free time" scheme, Gekko is no-go.
I've came across TT (https://www.tradingtechnologies.com/resources/labs/tt-crypto/), but it seems kind of shady for me: no crypto website wrote about it, as far as I've been doing my research. Beside that, TT operate only on GDAX/Coinbase Pro.
So, finally, I've landed on this site - Margin.de: https://margin.de/features (formelly Leonardo), which seems to have good reputation overall, it's visually nice and it's $89 lifetime license, so totally acceptable for me.
Question is - is it any good and trusted?

EDIT:
I'm not expecting to have 1000% ROI in 7 days. Basically I need automation tool rather than complete strategy bot, which will do everything for me. I want to play with exchange, test my strategies, without placing, editing, deleting my orders manually.
For now, I'm putting little "scalping" orders on Binance, and I'm having like 4-7% income on BTC pairs. But putting them manually via exchange website is difficult and frustrating and I want to automate it. Not to mention, that I have to look over the charts "by hand" in order to keep up with current prices and also Binance/Kraken/Bitstamp don't have Trailing Stop Losses...
With some little help/advise from bot (f.e. notifying me about MACD crossovers and/or crossing long MA with short MA).
submitted by raven6679 to Daytrading [link] [comments]

(10/18) - Thursday's Pre-Market Stock Movers & News

Good morning traders of the stocks sub! Welcome to Thursday! Here are your pre-market stock movers & news this AM-

Frontrunning: October 18th

STOCK FUTURES NOW:

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YESTERDAY'S MARKET HEAT MAP:

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YESTERDAY'S S&P SECTORS:

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TODAY'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

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THIS WEEK'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

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THIS WEEK'S UPCOMING IPO'S:

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THIS WEEK'S EARNINGS CALENDAR:

($NFLX $BAC $GS $UNH $CLF $PYPL $IBM $JNJ $LRCX $DPZ $BLK $MS $PGR $ISRG $SCH $GWW $CSX $AA $ABT $WGO $JBHT $NUE $SLB$HON $CMA $BX $SKX $KMI $PG $ASML $AXP $URI $TSM $URAL $PLD $FHN $ETFC $INFY $PM $STI $USB $TXT $ERIC $BBT $CREE)
(CLICK HERE FOR THIS WEEK'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!)

THIS MORNING'S PRE-MARKET EARNINGS CALENDAR:

($NUE $BX $PM $TSM $TXT $ERIC $ADS $SAP $SNA $PPG $KEY $DHR $BBT $TRV $NVS $BK $GPC $GTLS $MDSO $WBC $TTS $HOMB $LNN$POOL $SON $SASR $DOV $CTG $EWBC $STBA $WBS $AMRB $SBNY $CPSS)
(CLICK HERE FOR THIS MORNING'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!)

THIS AFTERNOON'S AFTER-MARKET EARNINGS CALENDAR:

(N/A)
([CLICK HERE FOR THIS AFTERNOON'S EARNINGS CALENDAR!]())

EARNINGS RELEASES BEFORE THE OPEN TODAY:

(CLICK HERE FOR THIS MORNING'S EARNINGS RELEASES!)

EARNINGS RELEASES AFTER THE CLOSE TODAY:

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THIS MORNING'S ANALYST UPGRADES/DOWNGRADES:

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THIS MORNING'S INSIDER TRADING FILINGS:

(CLICK HERE FOR THIS MORNING'S INSIDER TRADING FILINGS!)

TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR:

(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR LINK #1!)
(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR LINK #2!)
(CLICK HERE FOR TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR LINK #3!)

THIS MORNING'S MOST ACTIVE TRENDING DISCUSSIONS:

  • YECO
  • ECYT
  • VUZI
  • PYPL
  • AA
  • AXP
  • NVS
  • PM
  • ERIC
  • GPS
  • TXT
  • BX
  • SEE
  • YY
  • TRV
  • DHR
  • ISRG
  • CLF
  • YUM
  • IVZ
  • BK
  • TTS
  • SAP
  • ACRS
  • VFC
  • TPIV
  • TRX.X
  • ADS
  • KEYS
  • STLD

THIS MORNING'S STOCK NEWS MOVERS:

(source: cnbc.com)
Travelers – The insurer reported quarterly profit of $2.54 per share, beating the consensus estimate of $2.26 a share. Revenue also topped Wall Street forecasts. Travelers saw growth in both personal and business insurance, as well as strong retention numbers.

STOCK SYMBOL: TRV

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Blackstone – The private-equity firm's economic net income beat Street forecasts by 2 cents a share at 76 cents per share, while revenue was above estimates, as well. Assets under management surged 18 percent from a year ago to a record $457 billion.

STOCK SYMBOL: BX

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Bank of New York Mellon – The bank beat estimates by 2 cents a share, with quarterly earnings of $1.06 per share. Revenue was below Street projections. The company characterized its revenue growth as only "modest" but added that it is confident it can boost revenue performance.

STOCK SYMBOL: BK

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Danaher – The science and medical technology company beat estimates by 2 cents a share, with adjusted quarterly earnings of $1.10 per share. Revenue also came in above forecasts and Danaher raised its full-year forecast.

STOCK SYMBOL: DHR

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Textron – The aircraft and defense systems maker reported adjusted profit of 61 cents per share, falling short of the 76 cents a share consensus estimate. Revenue also missed forecasts, on declines in its industrial and systems businesses. Textron gave forward guidance that falls below analysts' forecasts.

STOCK SYMBOL: TXT

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Philip Morris – The tobacco producer beat estimates by 16 cents a share, with adjusted quarterly earnings of $1.44 per share. Revenue also exceeded forecasts. Shipment volumes were helped growth in so-called "heat but not burn" smoking products.

STOCK SYMBOL: PM

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Snap-On – The tool and equipment maker fell a penny a share short of forecasts, with quarterly profit of $2.85 per share. Revenue also missed expectations. The company noted "sales turbulence" in one of its key units, but said it saw overall "encouraging progress" in other areas.

STOCK SYMBOL: SNA

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Constellation Brands — Chief Executive Officer Rob Sands is stepping down on March 1. He'll remain with the company as executive chairman, and will be succeeded by the spirits maker's president, Bill Newlands.

STOCK SYMBOL: STZ

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Visa – Visa is raising its quarterly dividend to 25 cents per share from 21 cents, an increase of 19 percent. The increased dividend will be paid on December 4 to shareholders of record as of November 16.

STOCK SYMBOL: V

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Alcoa – Alcoa reported adjusted quarterly profit of 63 cents per share, well above the consensus estimate of 36 cents a share. Te aluminum producer's revenue also came in above forecasts. Alcoa saw higher aluminum prices during the quarter, prompted by supply disruptions, and the company also announced a $200 million stock buyback program.

STOCK SYMBOL: AA

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Sealed Air – Sealed Air cut its annual earnings forecast, with the industrial gas maker citing a negative impact from currency translation as well as higher costs.

STOCK SYMBOL: SEE

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Shire — Japanese regulators approved Takeda Pharmaceutical's $62 billion acquisition of the British drugmaker. The deal has already gotten clearance from the U.S., Brazil, and China, and awaits clearance from the European Union.

STOCK SYMBOL: SHPG

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SAP – SAP raised its outlook following a 41 percent jump in third quarter cloud revenues. The business software maker now expects revenue growth of 7.5 percent to 8.5 percent this year, up from the prior range of 6 percent to 7.5 percent. It also raised the lower end of its profit forecast range. Some analysts are expressing concern about profit margins, however.

STOCK SYMBOL: SAP

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Novartis – Novartis is buying U.S. drugmaker Endocyte for $2.1 billion or $24 per share in cash. That represents a 54 percent premium over Endocyte's Wednesday closing price of $15.56. Endocyte specializes in radiopharmaceutical drugs, which carry radioactive substances directly to cancer cells.

STOCK SYMBOL: NVS

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Facebook – Facebook thinks a recent hack of 30 million user tokens was done by spammers seeking to make money through deceptive advertising, according to The Wall Street Journal.

STOCK SYMBOL: FB

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EBay – The online marketplace operator is suing Amazon.com, alleging the online retail giant of illegally poaching eBay sellers using its internal messaging system. Amazon said it is investigating the accusation.

STOCK SYMBOL: EBAY

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Gap – Gap was downgraded to "underweight" from "neutral" at JPMorgan Chase, which points to sales weakness at the apparel seller's flagship Gap stores as well as profit margin pressures.

STOCK SYMBOL: GPS

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DISCUSS!

What is on everyone's radar for today's trading day ahead here at stocks?

I hope you all have an excellent trading day ahead today on this Thursday, October 18th, 2018! :)

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Historical Inaccuracies in the AC Series Contd.: The Ottoman Empire according the Assassin's Creed: Revelations.

I started this series with UNITY, then went to AC1, AC2, Brotherhood, and now Revelations, which I am going to engage with the history and context, to measure its efficacy as recreation, draw up lacunae, the weird tension between history and fiction underpinning it.
Revelations is pretty interesting. It has two stories and two settings and two protagonists. We have Ezio in Constantinople, and we have Altair in Masyaf. The game is an epilogue for both characters, and its a bit like The Godfather II where you intercut two stories and two periods at once. I am going to do Altair's Campaign first, because it's shorter. And it's self-contained internally, with little carryover to Ezio's story aside from some McGuffin. Originally, Ubisoft planned to have Altair in Constantinople in the period before and during the Fourth Crusade and try and put across the city in its Byzantine Height, before the Crusaders gutted it, and contrast that with the city revived under the Ottomans. And let me say, that is still a pretty awesome idea and worth doing again and it's a huge missed opportunity not to see the city before the Fourth Crusade destroyed it, and seeing the Fourth Crusade itself would have been amazing and horrifying. That said I am actually grateful because that means I only have to read up on Istanbul in a single year and during the Ottoman Revival under the Bayezid era.
ALTAIR'S CAMPAIGN [1190-1257 AD/CE]
Altair's campaign is interesting because each sequence jumps forward in time, making real time jumps that is kind of disconcerting. But it's a good experimental idea and I'd like to see more of that to be honest, just done better.
- The first sequence shows us Altair Pre-AC1, and it has an Assassin turned Crusading Knight which is fictional but again is a reprise of my complaint from the article on AC1 where the games give the impression of the Asasiyun being anti-Crusader when they were mainly attacking Saracens and were often allied with, or aligned with, the Crusading army.
- The second sequence sets up Altair's conflict with Abbas Sofian. The big issue is the cremation of Al Mualim which the Assassins treat as "blasphemy". That's weird because AC1 had lent into them being secretly secular humanists, and now they are treating cremation as some blasphemy. Altair's reasons for cremating the body make little sense since he thinks that the Apple might still bring him back from the dead somehow but why he would believe that makes no sense even in the fictional schema.
- The entire civil war between Altair and Abbas Sofian is fictional. The historical part, i.e. the implication that Abbas Sofian took the Asasiyun in a darker path but there's no record of any such thing happening in the period of 1200-1250 when the Assassins were still a thing. There's no record of them becoming darker, tyrannical, or worse than they ever were.
- The final sequence has Altair meeting Niccolo and Maffeo Polo, father and uncle of Marco Polo. The most significant association was when Marco Polo met the Assassins and lived with them. And Marco Polo's book is not complementary to the Assassins, so I don't know why the games want Altair and the Polo family to be "bros".
- The big issue and again the final part of the Syrian Assassins appropriating the Iranian Assassins history in the game is the end. Altair shuts down the Masyaf branch and tells the order to go into hiding and so on. The Mongols arrive and this is treated as the end of the Assassins. In reality, Hulagu Khan attacked and destroyed the Iranian Assassins at Alamut in Iran, and not Masyaf in Syria. Masyaf didn't fall to the Mongols and certainly not in 1257. The Mongols did come to that part of Syria in 1260 but they never fully conquered and destroyed the Syrian Assassins. In fact, the Syrian Assassins would continue until the 1300s when they became vassals and puppets of the Mamluk Sultan Baibars and his successors.
So once again the game doubles down on the disinformation from AC1. Makes the Syrian Assassins a bigger deal than they were, and more heroic than they were. Anyway, off to Constantinople.
EZIO'S CAMPAIGN [1511-1512 AD/CE]
Setting: Constantinople/Konstantiniye/Istanbul in the Ottoman Empire, in the reign of Sultan Bayezid II

Sequence 1 - 3
Sequence 1 is set in Masyaf and there isn't much to add except that at this time (1511) it was still under Mamluk rule. The Ottomans would take over in 1516. Here we see Byzantine Greeks who are fictional holdouts against the Ottomans (and also Templars). Now for the big and obvious one. The Eastern Roman Empire was never known as Byzantine by themselves, by the Ottomans, and by its contemporaries until the German historian Hieronymous Wolf coined it in 1557 and that was still used entirely in the West and was unknown to the East until the 19th Century or so, during the Revival of Greek Nationalism. The so-called Byzantines would call themselves Roman. I actually do sort-of agree with designating the Byzantines as a separate offshoot of the Roman Empire and not entirely Roman, so I prefer the term Eastern Roman Empire myself. On the other hand, the multiple names for the city is accurate. As is the idea that Istanbul was in fact a much older slang name for the city dating to the Pre-Ottoman era and not as many neo-Byzantines on the internet and academia see it, as some new thing entirely made up. The Ottomans called it Konstantiniye, in Turkish, never once denying credit to the the Roman Emperor Constantine. So that part is accurate in this game.
We meet Prince Suleiman, the future Kanuni (Lawgiver), in his pre-ascension days. He was famous for speaking multiple languages, but him speaking Italian, leave alone Florentine dialect is not recorded, but it's not unlikely given that, as the rather accurate database (written in-universe by the much-missed Subject 16) states, the Ottomans did conduct diplomatic relations with the Florentines, first under Lorenzo de'Medici (Faith Mehmed actually extradited Pazzi conspirators to Florence for their execution as a favor to Il Magnifico) and then to the Republic (the bit in the database about them consulting Leonardo for a bridge over the Golden Horn did happen, though it never came to pass). It's just that given the Ottoman wars with the Venetians, I kind of assumed that they would know Venetian dialect. The game doesn't do a whole lot with Suleiman, he's mostly here as "the good guy Ottoman" as is Piri Reis. We meet Reis during the period of study leave he had in-between naval commands. He was indeed a great cartographer. Though him being some kind of bomb expert seems a stretch. The Ottomans indeed had a sophistication about gunpowder but the kind of bombing craft we see in the game seems a little too cute and arcade-y.
A number of posters in my previous posts over at badhistory have been waiting for the roasting of the Janissaries in the game. Let me not disappoint. The outfits of they wear, especially this bizarre gold-plated mask, seems to be derived from Zack Snyder's Immortals in the movie 300. This probably reflects the weird fascination many historians both in the past and present have for the Janissaries, slave children indoctrinated by religion and ideology to be entirely loyal to the Ottoman Sultan and no one else, though in practise that often led to the tail wagging the dog as we see later in the game.
(EDIT: For more info on the Janissaries, u/Chamboz has a new post (https://www.reddit.com/badhistory/comments/9ewy18/some_thoughts_on_ac_revelations/) on them).
At badhistory u/cuc_AOE brought to my attention a post by u/Chamboz which talks about AC2 and Brotherhood dealt with prostitution as this faction called "courtesans" and how that was absurd and offensive. I am now going to say that Ubisoft have gone one step lower in Revelations. You see the Ezio games have these factions you can use as distraction agents in the open world: Mercenaries who can fight for you, Courtesans who are...sigh...distractions, as are thieves who also distract soldiers and get them to chase after them. In Constantinople, we have Mercenaries, and we have thieves, but the role of prostitutes are played by Romani people. In this game we see Roma being sent and dispatched as distractons, where they would flirt with guards, play music and so on, while Ezio sneaks behind them. The Roma are the only significant ethnic minority in the Ezio games to be represented directly, and yet the games make them into a joke, while also scanting their real precarious history in the city. The Romani people still face real persecution in Europe and it's kind of absurd that this is what the game brought up.
Sequence Three ends with us attacking Vali cel Tradat, an Assassin-turned-Templar. I don't know if that name is orthographically correct or not, but a Wallachian loyalist to Vlad Tepes makes me question why he is attacking the Assassins rather than Vlad's brother Radu the Handsome, an Ottoman client and his descendants. It's also anachronistic because the idea of Vlad the Impaler as being this hero for the Romanians or Wallachians, as Vali cel Tradat claims in his conversation and database, is a 19th Century phenomenon, dreamed up by Romanian nationalists and perpetuated in the Communist regime because you know a guy who murders Turks and keeps the invaders out and defending a "Christian Europe" or killing in the greater good is music to the ears of nationalists and Nicolae Ceausescu both. Before the 19th Century, there is not a shred of evidence that the Romanians even cared for Vlad in any way. Certainly not in the Ottoman era. Of course the open-world references to Vlad by the town criers and street preachers seems right, because he was indeed a popular boogeyman figure after his death.
Still Vali introduces the overall theme which has the Assassins openly allying with the Ottomans, and the Templars finding members among the people the Ottomans oppress. In fairness, the Assassins supporting Lorenzo de'Medici makes just as much or as little sense, as does supporting Pope Julius II, at least de-facto. It's just that the Ottomans ruled a real empire and on a bigger scale, and them being a "good empire", and the existence of any such thing, is questionable and obviously false. I'm an anti-Orientalist myself and I agree that the Ottomans often get a bad rap but they were still an empire.

Sequence 4-6
This is the part where the game goes to Prince Suleiman's banquet, and we meet Prince Ahmet, Tarik Barleti, captain of the Janisarries. This part gives an accurate impression of the fratricidal nature of Ottoman Succession (also common across a number of Central Asian, Persian kingdoms, and especially in Mughal India). "When the Sultan sneezes, the Princes draw swords" is how it went down. Islamic Law apparently said that a King choosing someone as a successor went against religious principles since it basically singled out one kid as destined for the throne and so implied some divine favor which was not in the text. So that meant succession struggles were "open season" and Fatih Mehmed put a law saying that it was legal for a Prince to kill his brother and his family and succeed, provided he won. The political stuff in the Ahmet v. Selim showdown seems interesting in that Ahmet is leaning to Europe while Selim is leaning to Asia. And historically Selim the Grim (no seriously that was his epithet) expanded the Empire's domains in North Africa and the Middle East. Tarik Barleti seems fictional but he is, according to his biography, a Greek slave turned Ottoman supremacist. So that seems plausible since the Janissary indoctrination seems to have produced little defection from what I've gathered. The Janissaries having their own imperial ideology, pushing their own agenda, and them being kingmakers is pretty spot-on. Bayezid II himself came to power because the Janissaries backed him. In his reign, he was geared toward making sure that the Janissaries weren't getting too powerful and so balanced other institutions against them, but this irritated the Janissaries even more, especially because Bayezid II was trying to consolidate given the weak economy left to him by Fatih Mehmed's conquests.
The Riot at Theodosius Harbor is entirely fictional and I find it weird that Ottoman Assassins are willing to let an Italian dude order them to throw some of their own citizens under the bus for the sake of a single eavesdrop mission. It's just off. We also get to meet Manuel Palaiologos, heir apparent to the old Eastern Roman title. In real history, Palaiologos wasn't this Bonnie Prince Charlie type trying to get back the throne and secretly skulking around the Ottoman Empire. He actually accepted the Ottoman Empire, successfully petitioned Faith Mehmed to live in the city, and he retired and lived in the Ottoman era Konstantiniye without any fuss, putting himself entirely in the mercy of the Ottomans in the best of faith and he lived and died without fuss, his presence undoubtedly legitimizing the Ottomans among their Greek subjects.
Then Ezio goes off to Cappadoccia but not before unleashing another battle in the harbour where he uses Greek Fire. I am not sure if Greek Fire was available to the Ottomans, and I don't know why Ezio hates the Ottoman harbour and navy so much. First he starts a riot, now he's burning down boats, breaking the chain boom and so on. Is he trying to intentionally damage the Empire's sea trade?
(EDIT: Speaking of "sailing to Cappadoccia" u/Chamboz pointed out the absurdity of sailing to a place landlocked in Anatolia, in what is Central Turkey in contemporary times. This is one of Ubisoft's greatest geographical howlers).

Sequence 6-9
This part of the game takes place in Derinkuyu, Cappadoccia. Picturesque, mountainous, and unusual. Historically it was used as a cave to holdout against the Ottomans so that part is legit.
We meet Shahkulu. The real Shah Qoli (Turkicized into Sahkulu or Shahkulu) was the leader of a Pro-Shia Turcoman ethnic rebellion against the largely Sunni majority Ottoman. Since the Ottomans were contesting the rising Shia power of the Safavids, Shia within their domains got a rough time. Which makes it weird that the Assassins are fighting them because historically the Assassins originated as a Shia sect and while they fought other Shia sects, and Shia officials, they finally aligned with the Crusaders to put a stop on the Sunni resurgence under Saladin. At the very least Ezio and Shahkulu should drop a line or two about this. Prince Ahmet was sent to put down the Shahkulu rebellion and he in turn tried to recruit them to fight Selim so that part is right. It's just that he probably did it for self-interest more than anything else.
The only problem is that the Sahkulu rebellion took place mainly in Southern Turkey in the Taurus mountains and not in Cappadoccia which is in Central Turkey.
In the end, we see Sultan Selim the Grim strangle his own brother. He didn't do it personally. He ordered his execution and so on. But yeah that's what happened.

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS
- REVELATIONS is a game that is very arcade-y. You have ziplining, workable Leonardo parachutes, and at the end we have parasailing. So it's a pretty silly game. Nonetheless, compared to Brotherhood with its totally absurd caricature of Roman politics, I actually do think that Revelations gives an accurate impression of parts of Ottoman Turkey. We get to see in the game's plot how an Ottoman succession crisis played out, with brother killing brother, we see the Janissaries as these imperialist with their Ottoman manifest destiny. And the way foreign policy intersected with palace politics is actually quite deftly and economically done. This shows the strength of its writer Darby McDevitt who unlike other AC writers actually writes a huge chunk of the game (Main game, side missions, database) and who actually does like getting the history right (he wrote Black Flag).
- Ziplining across Istanbul is stupid but I actually think it fits. It does manage to convey the hilly topography of Istanbul. The whole Parachute mechanic which is also silly works because the skyline of Istanbul and the elevation makes it a fairly practical way to get around. The city itself is very touristy, i.e. it tries to convey the picture post-card city rather than the city of that time. So for instance we have Hagia Sophia with all its minarets when it had two one at the time. The interiors of Hagia Sophia which we play in an optional mission shows it during the current restoration after the Mosque was converted to a museum.
EDIT u/Anthemius_Augustus says more, and I will quote him:
I'm suprised you didn't talk about how inaccurate Constantinople was in this game. The accuracy is far, far below the bar that AC2 and Brotherhood set, and it is probably a result of the games short development cycle.
It seems that after they were done with Galata, the Topkapi Palace and the Hagia Sophia they didn't have time for more so they just reused assets as much as possible to have a satisfactory city.
The most glaring mistake is that the Hagia Sophia is in its present state, with 4 minarets. Whereas during the time of the game there would have only been 1 minaret. However concept art does show a more accurate portrayal so I suspect this was a concious decision and not a mistake.
However the rest of the city has far more glaring mistakes. For example plenty of monuments are in the completely wrong spot, the Forum of Constantine is located inside the former Great Palace for some reason, instead of by the Grand Bazaar. The Grand Bazaar itself is portrayed in its present stone condition, whereas in the 16th Century it would have been made of wood.
...
...Zeyrek Mosque looks nothing like it does in real life, neither does the Rose Mosque look like it does in real life, not even the Hagia Eirene, the 2nd largest Byzantine landmark in Istanbul looks even remotely like it does in real life. It is all just the same copy-paste crap. Which makes me wonder why they even included database entries for landmarks that they didn't even represent?
Now you might say that I am having pretty unrealistic expectations for a video game, but I would argue otherwise. AC2 and Brotherhood, while the cities were scaled down was fairly accurate in terms of how landmarks look and roughly where they are located. Revelations doesn't, for whatever reason, probably due to development time. But it is massively distracting when playing the game if you have a decent understanding of Constantinople's geography.

- This is going to be a running gag for regulars but the next one is the New World, and after Revelations, the next European games are Unity (which I covered), and Syndicate (which actually does have Jewish characters in Marx and Disraeli). But again Istanbul from 1492 to the time Ezio arrived, hosted the largest Jewish community in Europe, and as such there definitely should be Jewish characters prominently featured in the game. I wish the games included them simply because there needs to be some believable reason for the Assassins to support the Ottomans. Within the game, the story keeps rubbing in the Assassin's face about how the Templars are recruited from places the Assassins conquered. We also see Romani treated as marginalized but if we see Jewish characters flourishing we can appreciate, I feel, the tolerant quote unquote, side of the Ottomans. That's a little exaggerated and romanticized I think but it's there nonetheless and it would at least get us to accept it, if not entirely support or condone it.
- The Renaissance games scanted the issue of slavery in AC2 especially in Florence and Venice, and vague side missions in Brotherhood implied that it was stuff that only the Borgia did rather than common across the nobility. Slavery is acknowledged at the very least in Revelations as a feature of Ottoman society. But we again only see the Janisarries, when there were other kinds of slaves across the Empire. The issue of slavery only makes the Assassins support of the Empire odd. One of their founders, the fictional Ishak Pasha, was some commander of the army.
- The presence of Roma as a minority was pointed out to me by a poster as a case of Ubisoft showing minorities in an European game. That point is valid, but it's also the case that the Roma are dealt with like jokes and not shown seriously. The Roma occupied a liminal space in Ottoman society, being marginalized and denied protections given to Orthodox (called Rum), Jews, Armenians (in the classical era at least), but they were also the object of fascination and attention by Ottoman society and at various times they were subject to hostility and violence. What they weren't were a faction on standby who would for a few coins go and flirt with Ottoman guards and Janisarries as this game relegates them. The Roma were confined to their own quarters rather than scattered across the city, at least publicly.
- The main problem with Revelations overall is that this is a Turkish game with an Italian Protagonist. Until Revelations, Ubisoft has always had a protagonist come from that land, whether Altair in Syria, Ezio in Florence. The next games would go with colonial settings, and in that regard Revelations has more in common there. Ezio in Revelations is totally a classic white archaeologist who comes to foreign lands, wrecks stuff up, and steals an artifact. He starts a riot in Theodosius, he burns numerous ships at anchor in the Golden Horn, violates Ottoman national interests by breaking their chain boom, he starts a fire and smog in an underground city in Cappadoccia that visibly killed many innocent people. He snorkels down ancient monuments, pirouettes around the roofs and interiors of Ottoman mosques, and does this all for his own private McGuffin. As such, I rooted for Sultan Selim the Grim to banish this Italian creep from Turkey, especially with his awesome laugh at the end. I wish I could say this was subversive and stuff, and it was probably intended as such, but we never have this called out to Ezio by his co-Assassins and other neutral Turks.

CONCLUSION
Especially after AC2 and Brotherhood, Revelations feels like an attempt to correct and question the Assassins' tendency to ally with sympathetic nobles to fight others. It feels like a self-critical game. The Assassins ally with the Ottomans, the Templars gain support from people who lost to the Turks and it feels logical. The problem comes when this self-critique is restricted to the story and it doesn't go to the characters, with Ezio and Yusuf Tazim never empathizing with their enemies and questioning their own alliance with the Ottomans. There probably should be another open-world game set in the Ottoman Empire, and that is stuff people to consider. Ideally I'd love to see a multi-city game that looks at both the European and Asian sides of the Empire and how similadifferent they were and so on.
Anyway, Ezio and Altair are done. The next AC games until ORIGINS are all Anglophone, even Unity notoriously with its fake accents. So we are now going to the English Speaking World which means a more familiar place to talk about at least in terms of class, costumes, social geography. AC3 is similar to Revelations in that it's a game with 2 settings, 2 protagonists and time periods, a prologue set in the 1750s during the Seven Years War, and the main game which is set mainly in the decade of the 1770s-1780s of the American Revolution. In my view, Revelations pulled that balance better than AC3 did, but that I will discuss later.
SOURCES
  1. Istanbul: A Tale of Three Cities. Bettany Hughes. Da Capo Press. 2017.Chapter 56: A Garden of Mixed Fruit, deals with the presence of minorities Jews and Roma especially in the time of Bayezid II- From 1492 CE, Istanbul had the largest and most flourishing Jewish community in Europe, on either side of the Halic. Oppression of the Roma people.- Roma were third-class citizens without legal status, tolerated by the populace but generally confined in a separate quarter and not scattered across the city.
  2. The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land. Thomas Asbridge. 2010. Harper-Collins.
  3. The Medici: Power, Money, and Ambition in the Italian Renaissance. Paul Strathern. Pegasus Books. 2016.Pg. 168-169 Lorenzo il Magnifico foreign relations, dealing with the Ottomans. Extradition by Mehmed of Pazzi conspirator to Florence.
  4. The Ottoman Empire - The Classical Age:1300-1600. Halil Inalcik. Phoenix Paprback. 1973.Pg. 29-31, Ottoman Fratricidal War between Fatih Mehmed's sons.Pg. 40-44. Bayezid II's reign, Shahkulu Rebellion, Selim's succession.Pg. 58-60. Policy of Fratrical Succession, codified into law by Fatih Mehmed driven by ambiguity about "Divine Right of Kings" in Islam. Importance of the Janissaries as Kingmakers.
  5. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280-1808. Stanford J. Shaw. Cambridge University Press. 1976.Pg. 76-80. Final years of Bayezid II's reign, absentee rule, Janissary falling out of favour, Selim II gaining power and influence.
  6. Minorities, Intermediaries and Middlemen in the Ottoman Empire. Oriente moderno. Edited by Nicola Melis. Ist. per l'Oriente C.A. Nallino, 2013. https://books.google.com/books/about/Minorities_Intermediaries_and_Middlemen.html?id=uACijwEACAAJ“Civilizing Mission” in the Late Ottoman Discourse: The Case of Gypsies". Faika Çelik.

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General warnings and (wise) tips.

The community is getting bigger and more dynamic and a lot of new investors and people are joining. I'd just like point out a few important rules for the new crypto investors.
-With Litecoin you become your own bank therefore keep less than 10% of your Lites on exchanges.
-Avoid at all costs TETHER. It is the most opaque asset ever. If you have it dump It ASAP!!
-Worship your key backups (or seed recoveries) like ancient reliquies or Leonardo paintings.
-Do not buy crypto with borrowed money and stay far from margin trading.
Feel free to complete the list. :)
P.s. I got involved in a few accidents in the last years (Crypsty ON TOP). I'd like you guys to avoid the same pains.
submitted by Riemann83 to litecoin [link] [comments]

Assassin's Creed: Revelations [1511-1512 AD/CE] and [1190-1257 AD/CE] - Historical Inaccuracy and Fact-Checking the Series

I started this series with UNITY, then went to AC1, AC2, Brotherhood, and now Revelations, which I am going to engage with the history and context, to measure its efficacy as recreation, draw up lacunae, the weird tension between history and fiction underpinning it.
Revelations is pretty interesting. It has two stories and two settings and two protagonists. We have Ezio in Constantinople, and we have Altair in Masyaf. The game is an epilogue for both characters, and its a bit like The Godfather II where you intercut two stories and two periods at once. I am going to do Altair's Campaign first, because it's shorter. And it's self-contained internally, with little carryover to Ezio's story aside from some McGuffin. Originally, Ubisoft planned to have Altair in Constantinople in the period before and during the Fourth Crusade and try and put across the city in its Byzantine Height, before the Crusaders gutted it, and contrast that with the city revived under the Ottomans. And let me say, that is still a pretty awesome idea and worth doing again and it's a huge missed opportunity not to see the city before the Fourth Crusade destroyed it, and seeing the Fourth Crusade itself would have been amazing and horrifying. That said I am actually grateful because that means I only have to read up on Istanbul in a single year and during the Ottoman Revival under the Bayezid era.
ALTAIR'S CAMPAIGN [1190-1257 AD/CE]
Altair's campaign is interesting because each sequence jumps forward in time, making real time jumps that is kind of disconcerting. But it's a good experimental idea and I'd like to see more of that to be honest, just done better.
- The first sequence shows us Altair Pre-AC1, and it has an Assassin turned Crusading Knight which is fictional but again is a reprise of my complaint from the article on AC1 where the games give the impression of the Asasiyun being anti-Crusader when they were mainly attacking Saracens and were often allied with, or aligned with, the Crusading army.
- The second sequence sets up Altair's conflict with Abbas Sofian. The big issue is the cremation of Al Mualim which the Assassins treat as "blasphemy". That's weird because AC1 had lent into them being secretly secular humanists, and now they are treating cremation as some blasphemy. Altair's reasons for cremating the body make little sense since he thinks that the Apple might still bring him back from the dead somehow but why he would believe that makes no sense even in the fictional schema.
- The entire civil war between Altair and Abbas Sofian is fictional. The historical part, i.e. the implication that Abbas Sofian took the Asasiyun in a darker path but there's no record of any such thing happening in the period of 1200-1250 when the Assassins were still a thing. There's no record of them becoming darker, tyrannical, or worse than they ever were.
- The final sequence has Altair meeting Niccolo and Maffeo Polo, father and uncle of Marco Polo. The most significant association was when Marco Polo met the Assassins and lived with them. And Marco Polo's book is not complementary to the Assassins, so I don't know why the games want Altair and the Polo family to be "bros".
- The big issue and again the final part of the Syrian Assassins appropriating the Iranian Assassins history in the game is the end. Altair shuts down the Masyaf branch and tells the order to go into hiding and so on. The Mongols arrive and this is treated as the end of the Assassins. In reality, Hulagu Khan attacked and destroyed the Iranian Assassins at Alamut in Iran, and not Masyaf in Syria. Masyaf didn't fall to the Mongols and certainly not in 1257. The Mongols did come to that part of Syria in 1260 but they never fully conquered and destroyed the Syrian Assassins. In fact, the Syrian Assassins would continue until the 1300s when they became vassals and puppets of the Mamluk Sultan Baibars and his successors.
So once again the game doubles down on the disinformation from AC1. Makes the Syrian Assassins a bigger deal than they were, and more heroic than they were. Anyway, off to Constantinople.
EZIO'S CAMPAIGN [1511-1512 AD/CE]
Setting: Constantinople/Konstantiniye/Istanbul in the Ottoman Empire, in the reign of Sultan Bayezid II

Sequence 1 - 3
Sequence 1 is set in Masyaf and there isn't much to add except that at this time (1511) it was still under Mamluk rule. The Ottomans would take over in 1516. Here we see Byzantine Greeks who are fictional holdouts against the Ottomans (and also Templars). Now for the big and obvious one. The Eastern Roman Empire was never known as Byzantine by themselves, by the Ottomans, and by its contemporaries until the German historian Hieronymous Wolf coined it in 1557 and that was still used entirely in the West and was unknown to the East until the 19th Century or so, during the Revival of Greek Nationalism. The so-called Byzantines would call themselves Roman. I actually do sort-of agree with designating the Byzantines as a separate offshoot of the Roman Empire and not entirely Roman, so I prefer the term Eastern Roman Empire myself. On the other hand, the multiple names for the city is accurate. As is the idea that Istanbul was in fact a much older slang name for the city dating to the Pre-Ottoman era and not as many neo-Byzantines on the internet and academia see it, as some new thing entirely made up. The Ottomans called it Konstantiniye, in Turkish, never once denying credit to the the Roman Emperor Constantine. So that part is accurate in this game.
We meet Prince Suleiman, the future Kanuni (Lawgiver), in his pre-ascension days. He was famous for speaking multiple languages, but him speaking Italian, leave alone Florentine dialect is not recorded, but it's not unlikely given that, as the rather accurate database (written in-universe by the much-missed Subject 16) states, the Ottomans did conduct diplomatic relations with the Florentines, first under Lorenzo de'Medici (Faith Mehmed actually extradited Pazzi conspirators to Florence for their execution as a favor to Il Magnifico) and then to the Republic (the bit in the database about them consulting Leonardo for a bridge over the Golden Horn did happen, though it never came to pass). It's just that given the Ottoman wars with the Venetians, I kind of assumed that they would know Venetian dialect. The game doesn't do a whole lot with Suleiman, he's mostly here as "the good guy Ottoman" as is Piri Reis. We meet Reis during the period of study leave he had in-between naval commands. He was indeed a great cartographer. Though him being some kind of bomb expert seems a stretch. The Ottomans indeed had a sophistication about gunpowder but the kind of bombing craft we see in the game seems a little too cute and arcade-y.
A number of posters in my previous posts over at badhistory have been waiting for the roasting of the Janissaries in the game. Let me not disappoint. The outfits of they wear, especially this bizarre gold-plated mask, seems to be derived from Zack Snyder's Immortals in the movie 300. The real Janissaries were also not policemen who patrolled the streets. They were a full-time military outfit, the first rifle corpse in European history, albeit using arquebuses and matchlocks. This probably reflects the weird fascination many historians both in the past and present have for the Janissaries, slave children indoctrinated by religion and ideology to be entirely loyal to the Ottoman Sultan and no one else, though in practise that often led to the tail wagging the dog as we see later in the game.
At badhistory u/cuc_AOE brought to my attention a post by u/Chamboz which talks about AC2 and Brotherhood dealt with prostitution as this faction called "courtesans" and how that was absurd and offensive. I am now going to say that Ubisoft have gone one step lower in Revelations. You see the Ezio games have these factions you can use as distraction agents in the open world: Mercenaries who can fight for you, Courtesans who are...sigh...distractions, as are thieves who also distract soldiers and get them to chase after them. In Constantinople, we have Mercenaries, and we have thieves, but the role of prostitutes are played by Romani people. In this game we see Roma being sent and dispatched as distractons, where they would flirt with guards, play music and so on, while Ezio sneaks behind them. The Roma are the only significant ethnic minority in the Ezio games to be represented directly, and yet the games make them into a joke, while also scanting their real precarious history in the city. The Romani people still face real persecution in Europe and it's kind of absurd that this is what the game brought up.
Sequence Three ends with us attacking Vali cel Tradat, an Assassin-turned-Templar. I don't know if that name is orthographically correct or not, but a Wallachian loyalist to Vlad Tepes makes me question why he is attacking the Assassins rather than Vlad's brother Radu the Handsome, an Ottoman client and his descendants. It's also anachronistic because the idea of Vlad the Impaler as being this hero for the Romanians or Wallachians, as Vali cel Tradat claims in his conversation and database, is a 19th Century phenomenon, dreamed up by Romanian nationalists and perpetuated in the Communist regime because you know a guy who murders Turks and keeps the invaders out and defending a "Christian Europe" or killing in the greater good is music to the ears of nationalists and Nicolae Ceausescu both. Before the 19th Century, there is not a shred of evidence that the Romanians even cared for Vlad in any way. Certainly not in the Ottoman era. Of course the open-world references to Vlad by the town criers and street preachers seems right, because he was indeed a popular boogeyman figure after his death.
Still Vali introduces the overall theme which has the Assassins openly allying with the Ottomans, and the Templars finding members among the people the Ottomans oppress. In fairness, the Assassins supporting Lorenzo de'Medici makes just as much or as little sense, as does supporting Pope Julius II, at least de-facto. It's just that the Ottomans ruled a real empire and on a bigger scale, and them being a "good empire", and the existence of any such thing, is questionable and obviously false. I'm an anti-Orientalist myself and I agree that the Ottomans often get a bad rap but they were still an empire.

Sequence 4-6
This is the part where the game goes to Prince Suleiman's banquet, and we meet Prince Ahmet, Tarik Barleti, captain of the Janisarries. This part gives an accurate impression of the fratricidal nature of Ottoman Succession (also common across a number of Central Asian, Persian kingdoms, and especially in Mughal India). "When the Sultan sneezes, the Princes draw swords" is how it went down. Islamic Law apparently said that a King choosing someone as a successor went against religious principles since it basically singled out one kid as destined for the throne and so implied some divine favor which was not in the text. So that meant succession struggles were "open season" and Fatih Mehmed put a law saying that it was legal for a Prince to kill his brother and his family and succeed, provided he won. The political stuff in the Ahmet v. Selim showdown seems interesting in that Ahmet is leaning to Europe while Selim is leaning to Asia. And historically Selim the Grim (no seriously that was his epithet) expanded the Empire's domains in North Africa and the Middle East. Tarik Barleti seems fictional but he is, according to his biography, a Greek slave turned Ottoman supremacist. So that seems plausible since the Janissary indoctrination seems to have produced little defection from what I've gathered. The Janissaries having their own imperial ideology, pushing their own agenda, and them being kingmakers is pretty spot-on. Bayezid II himself came to power because the Janissaries backed him. In his reign, he was geared toward making sure that the Janissaries weren't getting too powerful and so balanced other institutions against them, but this irritated the Janissaries even more, especially because Bayezid II was trying to consolidate given the weak economy left to him by Fatih Mehmed's conquests.
The Riot at Theodosius Harbor is entirely fictional and I find it weird that Ottoman Assassins are willing to let an Italian dude order them to throw some of their own citizens under the bus for the sake of a single eavesdrop mission. It's just off. We also get to meet Manuel Palaiologos, heir apparent to the old Eastern Roman title. In real history, Palaiologos wasn't this Bonnie Prince Charlie type trying to get back the throne and secretly skulking around the Ottoman Empire. He actually accepted the Ottoman Empire, successfully petitioned Faith Mehmed to live in the city, and he retired and lived in the Ottoman era Konstantiniye without any fuss, putting himself entirely in the mercy of the Ottomans in the best of faith and he lived and died without fuss, his presence undoubtedly legitimizing the Ottomans among their Greek subjects.
Then Ezio goes off to Cappadoccia but not before unleashing another battle in the harbour where he uses Greek Fire. I am not sure if Greek Fire was available to the Ottomans, and I don't know why Ezio hates the Ottoman harbour and navy so much. First he starts a riot, now he's burning down boats, breaking the chain boom and so on. Is he trying to intentionally damage the Empire's sea trade?

Sequence 6-9
This part of the game takes place in Derinkuyu, Cappadoccia. Picturesque, mountainous, and unusual. Historically it was used as a cave to holdout against the Ottomans so that part is legit.
We meet Shahkulu. The real Shah Qoli (Turkicized into Sahkulu or Shahkulu) was the leader of a Pro-Shia Turcoman ethnic rebellion against the largely Sunni majority Ottoman. Since the Ottomans were contesting the rising Shia power of the Safavids, Shia within their domains got a rough time. Which makes it weird that the Assassins are fighting them because historically the Assassins originated as a Shia sect and while they fought other Shia sects, and Shia officials, they finally aligned with the Crusaders to put a stop on the Sunni resurgence under Saladin. At the very least Ezio and Shahkulu should drop a line or two about this. Prince Ahmet was sent to put down the Shahkulu rebellion and he in turn tried to recruit them to fight Selim so that part is right. It's just that he probably did it for self-interest more than anything else.
The only problem is that the Sahkulu rebellion took place mainly in Southern Turkey in the Taurus mountains and not in Cappadoccia which is in Central Turkey.
In the end, we see Sultan Selim the Grim strangle his own brother. He didn't do it personally. He ordered his execution and so on. But yeah that's what happened.

GENERAL OBSERVATIONS
- REVELATIONS is a game that is very arcade-y. You have ziplining, workable Leonardo parachutes, and at the end we have parasailing. So it's a pretty silly game. Nonetheless, compared to Brotherhood with its totally absurd caricature of Roman politics, I actually do think that Revelations gives an accurate impression of parts of Ottoman Turkey. We get to see in the game's plot how an Ottoman succession crisis played out, with brother killing brother, we see the Janissaries as these imperialist with their Ottoman manifest destiny. And the way foreign policy intersected with palace politics is actually quite deftly and economically done. This shows the strength of its writer Darby McDevitt who unlike other AC writers actually writes a huge chunk of the game (Main game, side missions, database) and who actually does like getting the history right (he wrote Black Flag).
- Ziplining across Istanbul is stupid but I actually think it fits. It does manage to convey the hilly topography of Istanbul. The whole Parachute mechanic which is also silly works because the skyline of Istanbul and the elevation makes it a fairly practical way to get around. The city itself is very touristy, i.e. it tries to convey the picture post-card city rather than the city of that time. So for instance we have Hagia Sophia with all its minarets when it had two at the time. The interiors of Hagia Sophia which we play in an optional mission shows it during the current restoration after the Mosque was converted to a museum.
- This is going to be a running gag for regulars but the next one is the New World, and after Revelations, the next European games are Unity (which I covered), and Syndicate (which actually does have Jewish characters in Marx and Disraeli). But again Istanbul from 1492 to the time Ezio arrived, hosted the largest Jewish community in Europe, and as such there definitely should be Jewish characters prominently featured in the game. I wish the games included them simply because there needs to be some believable reason for the Assassins to support the Ottomans. Within the game, the story keeps rubbing in the Assassin's face about how the Templars are recruited from places the Assassins conquered. We also see Romani treated as marginalized but if we see Jewish characters flourishing we can appreciate, I feel, the tolerant quote unquote, side of the Ottomans. That's a little exaggerated and romanticized I think but it's there nonetheless and it would at least get us to accept it, if not entirely support or condone it.
- The Renaissance games scanted the issue of slavery in AC2 especially in Florence and Venice, and vague side missions in Brotherhood implied that it was stuff that only the Borgia did rather than common across the nobility. Slavery is acknowledged at the very least in Revelations as a feature of Ottoman society. But we again only see the Janisarries, when there were other kinds of slaves across the Empire. The issue of slavery only makes the Assassins support of the Empire odd. One of their founders, the fictional Ishak Pasha, was some commander of the army.
- The presence of Roma as a minority was pointed out to me by a poster as a case of Ubisoft showing minorities in an European game. That point is valid, but it's also the case that the Roma are dealt with like jokes and not shown seriously. The Roma occupied a liminal space in Ottoman society, being marginalized and denied protections given to Orthodox (called Rum), Jews, Armenians (in the classical era at least), but they were also the object of fascination and attention by Ottoman society and at various times they were subject to hostility and violence. What they weren't were a faction on standby who would for a few coins go and flirt with Ottoman guards and Janisarries as this game relegates them. The Roma were confined to their own quarters rather than scattered across the city, at least publicly.
- The main problem with Revelations overall is that this is a Turkish game with an Italian Protagonist. Until Revelations, Ubisoft has always had a protagonist come from that land, whether Altair in Syria, Ezio in Florence. The next games would go with colonial settings, and in that regard Revelations has more in common there. Ezio in Revelations is totally a classic white archaeologist who comes to foreign lands, wrecks stuff up, and steals an artifact. He starts a riot in Theodosius, he burns numerous ships at anchor in the Golden Horn, violates Ottoman national interests by breaking their chain boom, he starts a fire and smog in an underground city in Cappadoccia that visibly killed many innocent people. He snorkels down ancient monuments, pirouettes around the roofs and interiors of Ottoman mosques, and does this all for his own private McGuffin. As such, I rooted for Sultan Selim the Grim to banish this Italian creep from Turkey, especially with his awesome laugh at the end. I wish I could say this was subversive and stuff, and it was probably intended as such, but we never have this called out to Ezio by his co-Assassins and other neutral Turks.

CONCLUSION
Especially after AC2 and Brotherhood, Revelations feels like an attempt to correct and question the Assassins' tendency to ally with sympathetic nobles to fight others. It feels like a self-critical game. The Assassins ally with the Ottomans, the Templars gain support from people who lost to the Turks and it feels logical. The problem comes when this self-critique is restricted to the story and it doesn't go to the characters, with Ezio and Yusuf Tazim never empathizing with their enemies and questioning their own alliance with the Ottomans. There probably should be another open-world game set in the Ottoman Empire, and that is stuff people to consider. Ideally I'd love to see a multi-city game that looks at both the European and Asian sides of the Empire and how similadifferent they were and so on.
Anyway, Ezio and Altair are done. The next AC games until ORIGINS are all Anglophone, even Unity notoriously with its fake accents. So we are now going to the English Speaking World which means a more familiar place to talk about at least in terms of class, costumes, social geography. AC3 is similar to Revelations in that it's a game with 2 settings, 2 protagonists and time periods, a prologue set in the 1750s during the Seven Years War, and the main game which is set mainly in the decade of the 1770s-1780s of the American Revolution. In my view, Revelations pulled that balance better than AC3 did, but that I will discuss later.
SOURCES
  1. Istanbul: A Tale of Three Cities. Bettany Hughes. Da Capo Press. 2017.Chapter 56: A Garden of Mixed Fruit, deals with the presence of minorities Jews and Roma especially in the time of Bayezid II - From 1492 CE, Istanbul had the largest and most flourishing Jewish community in Europe, on either side of the Halic. Oppression of the Roma people. - Roma were third-class citizens without legal status, tolerated by the populace but generally confined in a separate quarter and not scattered across the city.
  2. The Crusades: The Authoritative History of the War for the Holy Land. Thomas Asbridge. 2010. Harper-Collins.
  3. The Medici: Power, Money, and Ambition in the Italian Renaissance. Paul Strathern. Pegasus Books. 2016. Pg. 168-169 Lorenzo il Magnifico foreign relations, dealing with the Ottomans. Extradition by Mehmed of Pazzi conspirator to Florence.
  4. The Ottoman Empire - The Classical Age:1300-1600. Halil Inalcik. Phoenix Paprback. 1973. Pg. 29-31, Ottoman Fratricidal War between Fatih Mehmed's sons. Pg. 40-44. Bayezid II's reign, Shahkulu Rebellion, Selim's succession. Pg. 58-60. Policy of Fratrical Succession, codified into law by Fatih Mehmed driven by ambiguity about "Divine Right of Kings" in Islam. Importance of the Janissaries as Kingmakers.
  5. History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey: Volume 1, Empire of the Gazis: The Rise and Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1280-1808. Stanford J. Shaw. Cambridge University Press. 1976. Pg. 76-80. Final years of Bayezid II's reign, absentee rule, Janissary falling out of favour, Selim II gaining power and influence.
  6. Minorities, Intermediaries and Middlemen in the Ottoman Empire. Oriente moderno. Edited by Nicola Melis. Ist. per l'Oriente C.A. Nallino, 2013. https://books.google.com/books/about/Minorities_Intermediaries_and_Middlemen.html?id=uACijwEACAAJ “Civilizing Mission” in the Late Ottoman Discourse: The Case of Gypsies". Faika Çelik.

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(10/18) - Thursday's Pre-Market Stock Movers & News

Good morning traders of the StockMarket sub! Welcome to Thursday! Here are your pre-market stock movers & news this AM-

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Frontrunning: October 18th

STOCK FUTURES NOW:

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YESTERDAY'S MARKET HEAT MAP:

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YESTERDAY'S S&P SECTORS:

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TODAY'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

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THIS WEEK'S ECONOMIC CALENDAR:

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THIS WEEK'S UPCOMING IPO'S:

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THIS WEEK'S EARNINGS CALENDAR:

($NFLX $BAC $GS $UNH $CLF $PYPL $IBM $JNJ $LRCX $DPZ $BLK $MS $PGR $ISRG $SCH $GWW $CSX $AA $ABT $WGO $JBHT $NUE $SLB$HON $CMA $BX $SKX $KMI $PG $ASML $AXP $URI $TSM $URAL $PLD $FHN $ETFC $INFY $PM $STI $USB $TXT $ERIC $BBT $CREE)
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THIS MORNING'S PRE-MARKET EARNINGS CALENDAR:

($NUE $BX $PM $TSM $TXT $ERIC $ADS $SAP $SNA $PPG $KEY $DHR $BBT $TRV $NVS $BK $GPC $GTLS $MDSO $WBC $TTS $HOMB $LNN$POOL $SON $SASR $DOV $CTG $EWBC $STBA $WBS $AMRB $SBNY $CPSS)
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THIS AFTERNOON'S AFTER-MARKET EARNINGS CALENDAR:

(N/A)
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EARNINGS RELEASES BEFORE THE OPEN TODAY:

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EARNINGS RELEASES AFTER THE CLOSE TODAY:

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THIS MORNING'S ANALYST UPGRADES/DOWNGRADES:

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THIS MORNING'S INSIDER TRADING FILINGS:

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TODAY'S DIVIDEND CALENDAR:

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THIS MORNING'S MOST ACTIVE TRENDING DISCUSSIONS:

  • YECO
  • ECYT
  • VUZI
  • PYPL
  • AA
  • AXP
  • NVS
  • PM
  • ERIC
  • GPS
  • TXT
  • BX
  • SEE
  • YY
  • TRV
  • DHR
  • ISRG
  • CLF
  • YUM
  • IVZ
  • BK
  • TTS
  • SAP
  • ACRS
  • VFC
  • TPIV
  • TRX.X
  • ADS
  • KEYS
  • STLD

THIS MORNING'S STOCK NEWS MOVERS:

(source: cnbc.com)
Travelers – The insurer reported quarterly profit of $2.54 per share, beating the consensus estimate of $2.26 a share. Revenue also topped Wall Street forecasts. Travelers saw growth in both personal and business insurance, as well as strong retention numbers.

STOCK SYMBOL: TRV

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Blackstone – The private-equity firm's economic net income beat Street forecasts by 2 cents a share at 76 cents per share, while revenue was above estimates, as well. Assets under management surged 18 percent from a year ago to a record $457 billion.

STOCK SYMBOL: BX

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Bank of New York Mellon – The bank beat estimates by 2 cents a share, with quarterly earnings of $1.06 per share. Revenue was below Street projections. The company characterized its revenue growth as only "modest" but added that it is confident it can boost revenue performance.

STOCK SYMBOL: BK

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Danaher – The science and medical technology company beat estimates by 2 cents a share, with adjusted quarterly earnings of $1.10 per share. Revenue also came in above forecasts and Danaher raised its full-year forecast.

STOCK SYMBOL: DHR

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Textron – The aircraft and defense systems maker reported adjusted profit of 61 cents per share, falling short of the 76 cents a share consensus estimate. Revenue also missed forecasts, on declines in its industrial and systems businesses. Textron gave forward guidance that falls below analysts' forecasts.

STOCK SYMBOL: TXT

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Philip Morris – The tobacco producer beat estimates by 16 cents a share, with adjusted quarterly earnings of $1.44 per share. Revenue also exceeded forecasts. Shipment volumes were helped growth in so-called "heat but not burn" smoking products.

STOCK SYMBOL: PM

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Snap-On – The tool and equipment maker fell a penny a share short of forecasts, with quarterly profit of $2.85 per share. Revenue also missed expectations. The company noted "sales turbulence" in one of its key units, but said it saw overall "encouraging progress" in other areas.

STOCK SYMBOL: SNA

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Constellation Brands — Chief Executive Officer Rob Sands is stepping down on March 1. He'll remain with the company as executive chairman, and will be succeeded by the spirits maker's president, Bill Newlands.

STOCK SYMBOL: STZ

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Visa – Visa is raising its quarterly dividend to 25 cents per share from 21 cents, an increase of 19 percent. The increased dividend will be paid on December 4 to shareholders of record as of November 16.

STOCK SYMBOL: V

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Alcoa – Alcoa reported adjusted quarterly profit of 63 cents per share, well above the consensus estimate of 36 cents a share. Te aluminum producer's revenue also came in above forecasts. Alcoa saw higher aluminum prices during the quarter, prompted by supply disruptions, and the company also announced a $200 million stock buyback program.

STOCK SYMBOL: AA

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Sealed Air – Sealed Air cut its annual earnings forecast, with the industrial gas maker citing a negative impact from currency translation as well as higher costs.

STOCK SYMBOL: SEE

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Shire — Japanese regulators approved Takeda Pharmaceutical's $62 billion acquisition of the British drugmaker. The deal has already gotten clearance from the U.S., Brazil, and China, and awaits clearance from the European Union.

STOCK SYMBOL: SHPG

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SAP – SAP raised its outlook following a 41 percent jump in third quarter cloud revenues. The business software maker now expects revenue growth of 7.5 percent to 8.5 percent this year, up from the prior range of 6 percent to 7.5 percent. It also raised the lower end of its profit forecast range. Some analysts are expressing concern about profit margins, however.

STOCK SYMBOL: SAP

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Novartis – Novartis is buying U.S. drugmaker Endocyte for $2.1 billion or $24 per share in cash. That represents a 54 percent premium over Endocyte's Wednesday closing price of $15.56. Endocyte specializes in radiopharmaceutical drugs, which carry radioactive substances directly to cancer cells.

STOCK SYMBOL: NVS

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Facebook – Facebook thinks a recent hack of 30 million user tokens was done by spammers seeking to make money through deceptive advertising, according to The Wall Street Journal.

STOCK SYMBOL: FB

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EBay – The online marketplace operator is suing Amazon.com, alleging the online retail giant of illegally poaching eBay sellers using its internal messaging system. Amazon said it is investigating the accusation.

STOCK SYMBOL: EBAY

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Gap – Gap was downgraded to "underweight" from "neutral" at JPMorgan Chase, which points to sales weakness at the apparel seller's flagship Gap stores as well as profit margin pressures.

STOCK SYMBOL: GPS

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FULL DISCLOSURE:

bigbear0083 has no positions in any stocks mentioned. Reddit, moderators, and the author do not advise making investment decisions based on discussion in these posts. Analysis is not subject to validation and users take action at their own risk. bigbear0083 is an admin at the financial forums Stockaholics.net where this content was originally posted.

DISCUSS!

What is on everyone's radar for today's trading day ahead here at StockMarket?

I hope you all have an excellent trading day ahead today on this Thursday, October 18th, 2018! :)

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Tutorial 1: leonArdo mArgin maker leonArdo - Automatic Trading Platform LEONARDO TRADING TERMINAL - NEW BOLLINGER BAND BOT 4.55% profit on 1 trade today with Leonardo bot! Trading with the Leonardo Bot !

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Tutorial 1: leonArdo mArgin maker

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